• Yusuf Nakaduna Faculty of Law and International Relations, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kampus Gong Badak, 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Abdullahi Ayoade Ahmad Faculty of Law and International Relations, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kampus Gong Badak, 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Moyosore Olalekan Mohammed Faculty of Law and International Relations, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kampus Gong Badak, 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia


 Nigeria is one of the countries affected by the "COVID-19" outbreak. The severe economic obstacles caused by the pandemic are likely to exacerbate an already perceived brittle political fragility. A country of more than 206 million, with a fragile democracy, a weak health care system, and an inundated economy, vulnerable to the outrageous impact of COVID-19, politically and economically. Hence, the present study aims to scrutinize the pandemic's politico-economic implications on the Nigerian state. This study is qualitative research which employed secondary sources of data in scrutinizing Covid-19 potential impacts on Nigeria's politico-economic wellbeing, such as library information, documents from journal articles, books, newspapers, and reports, among others, to provide a comprehensive outlook of the phenomenon. The study posits that the Coronavirus continuously shapes and cripples the Nigerian economy, causing a substantial decline in GDP, political lurch, the outrageous effect on the health sector with a less coordinated response from the government, which makes the first and second wave more challenging for the people and government to bear. The study proposes an integrated approach between public and private stakeholders in the area of health and economy to deal with the deadly phenomenon, thereby curtailing its anticipated effects in the future.

Keywords: COVID-19 Pandemic, Political, Economic Impacts, Nigeria


Adepoju P. (2020). Nigeria responds to COVID-19, the first case detected in sub-Saharan Africa. Nature 2020. DOI: 10.1038/d41591-020-00004-2.

Ahmed et al. (2017). Social welfare scheme; a neglected component of public health care services in Nigeria. MOJ Public Health, 5(3), 101-104

Alarewaju Kola (2020). Covid-19 Variant, Nigeria Announces New Travel Measures. AA-News. Retrieved from measures/2088195

Andam, K. S., Edeh, H., Oboh, V., Pauw, K., & Thurlow, J. (2020). Estimating the economic costs of COVID-19 in Nigeria (Vol. 63). Intl Food Policy Res Inst.

Andersen, J. G. (2012). Welfare states and welfare state theory. Centre for Comparative Welfare Studies, Working Paper.

Anna Hoban. (2020). The Impacts of COVID-19 on Nigeria's Economy. The Borgen Project. Retrieved from

Armelagos et al. (2005). Evolutionary, historical, and political-economic perspectives on health and disease. Social Science & Medicine, 61(4), 755-765.

Arrow et al. (2010). Handbook of social choice and welfare (2). Elsevier.

Bedford. J., Enria, D., Giesecke, J. … Wieler. L.H. (2020). COVID-19: towards controlling a pandemic. The Lancet, 395(10229), 1015-1018.

Bloom, D. E., & Cadarette, D. (2019). Infectious disease threats in the twenty-first century: strengthening the global response. Frontiers in immunology, 10, 549-552.

Dolgoff, et al. (1980). Understanding social welfare. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

Ewalt, J. A. G., & Jennings Jr, E. T. (2014). The Great Recession and social welfare spending in the American States. International Review of Public Administration, 19(3), 308-323.

Fatokun, O. (2016). Curbing the circulation of counterfeit medicines in Nigeria. The Lancet, 388(10060), 2603.

Fleurbaey, M., & Maniquet, F. (2011). A theory of fairness and social welfare, (48). Cambridge University Press.

Janjua. (2020). Post-COVID-19 World and Pakistan's Response Strategy. Journal of Current Affairs, 4(1&2), 29-50.

Jelilov, G., Iorember, P. T., Usman, O., & Yua, P. M. (2020). Testing the nexus between stock market returns and inflation in Nigeria: Does the effect of COVID‐19 pandemic matter?. Journal of Public Affairs, 20(4), e2289.

Luenberger, D. G. (1996). Welfare from a benefit viewpoint. Economic Theory, 7(3), 445-462.

Mahar, I. (2020). Impact of Covid-19 on Global Economy Structure. Modern Diplomacy.

Malani, A., & Laxminarayan, R. (2011). Incentives for reporting infectious disease outbreaks. Journal of Human Resources, 46(1), 176-202.

Misbah Shaheen, U. S., and M. N. B. (2020). Covid-19 Pandemic and its Politico-Economic Implications: A Study of Pakistan. Liberal Arts and Social Sciences International Journal (LASSIJ), 4(2), 42–51.

Muhammad, et al. (2017). Major public health problems in Nigeria: a review. Southeast Asia Journal of Public Health, 7(1), 6-11.

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. (2020). Coronavirus (COVID-19) Highlights.

Nigeria Centre for Disease Control. (2020). COVID-19 outbreak in Nigeria situation report, March 19, 2020.

Otache, I. (2020). The effects of the Covid-19 Pandemic on the Nigeria’s economy and possible coping strategies. Asian Journal of Social Sciences and Management Studies, 7(3), 173-179.

Oyeniran, O. I., & Chia, T. (2020). Novel Coronavirus disease 2019 ( COVID-19 ) outbreak in Nigeria : how effective. Ethics, Medicine, and Public Health, 2019(June), 100515.

Ozili, P. K. (2020). Covid-19 pandemic and economic crisis: The Nigerian experience and structural causes. Journal of Economic and Administrative Sciences.

Patrick, S. (2011). Weak Links: The fragile States, Global Threats, and International. New York: Oxford University Press.

Paul Adepoju (2020). Politics Gets in the Way of Covid-19 Response. Devex-world. Retrieved from

Peterson, K., & Ozili, P. K. (2020). Covid-19 pandemic and economic crisis : The Nigerian experience and structural causes. In Munich Personal RePEc Archive.

Pirages, D. (1995). Micro security: Disease organisms and human wellbeing. Washington Quarterly, 18(4), 3-12.

Price-Smith, A. T. (2002). The health of nations. Infectious Disease, Environmental Change, and Their Effects on National Security and Development.

Samal, J. (2014). A Historical Exploration of Pandemics of Some Selected Diseases in the World. International Journal of Health Sciences and Research, 4(2), 165-169.

Sareen, S. (2020). COVID19 and Pakistan: The Economic Fallout. Mumbai: Observer Research Foundation.

Watts, A. M., & Kennedy, R. C. (1999). DNA vaccination strategies against infectious diseases. International journal for parasitology, 29(8), 1149-1163.

WHO (2020). Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report – 72.

World Poverty. (2020). Clock see

Worldometer (2020). COVID-19 Coronavirus pandemic. Retrieved from

Wu Yi-Chia, Chen Ching-Sunga, Chan, Yu-Jiun. (2020). The outbreak of COVID-19: An overview. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association, 83(3), 217-220.

Yemi Kale (2020). Nigeria Slips into Recession Blamed on Covid-19 and Oil Prices. Aljazeera-News. Retrieved from

How to Cite
Nakaduna, Y., Ahmad, A. A., & Mohammed, M. O. (2021). ECONOMIC AND POLITICAL IMPLICATIONS OF COVID-19 PANDEMIC: A CASE OF NIGERIA. Asian People Journal (APJ), 4(1), 34-49.