THE ROLE OF CULTURAL DIPLOMACY: INDONESIA – MALAYSIA RELATIONS

Yaza Azzahara Ulyana

Abstract

Abstract: Cultural diplomacy is part of soft power that brings the idea of culture at its best presentation abroad. This paper focuses on the cultural diplomacy imposed by the government of Indonesia and Malaysia.  This study is written to identify the role of cultural diplomacy in building up the cordial relationship between Indonesia and Malaysia proven by the long diplomatic history way before the independence of Malaya in 1957.  In conjunction of that matter this research paper sought to evaluate the cultural relations between Indonesia and Malaysia and then raises several cultural diplomacy programs that have been conducted by the two countries in educations, performing arts and literature. This research is a qualitative study proven by analysing the printed and digital materials as the secondary data and bringing the constructivism concept from Alexander Wendt. The concept that introduced by Alexander Wendt can explain the unprecedented condition in international relations. Having analysed the data, this study found that by enhancing the cultural diplomacy as the soft power approach in each country is able to give a good impact for Indonesia and Malaysia relations especially in reducing the tensions among the society over several societal issues in the past. It can be seen from the number of students who are coming to Malaysia and Indonesia to continue their study, the number of touristevery year and also the frequency of performing arts of Indonesia in Malaysia and vice versa. 

Key Words: Constructivism, Cultural Diplomacy, Indonesia, Malaysia, Soft Power

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