KEPERLUAN GOLONGAN PROFESIONAL TERLATIH MENGENDALIKAN GOLONGAN ORANG KURANG UPAYA DI MALAYSIA

Needs for Trained Professionals in Handling People with Disabilities in Malaysia

  • Nurzaimah Asalal Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Malaysia
  • Sakinah Sidek Fakulti Sains Kemanusiaan, Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, 35900 Tanjong Malim, Malaysia
  • Haris Abd Wahab Fakulti Sastera dan Sains Sosial, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abstract

Abstract: Statistics from the Social Welfare Department in 2021 show that a total of 587, 608 people with disabilities (OKU) are registered with JKM. This number is low compared to the number of registered births of more than four million who are reported to be disabled. This large number indicates a need for a professional that needs to be trained to help the disabled. Studies in Malaysia often focus on aspects of services and rehabilitation for the disabled. However, there is relatively little research on identifying other professions that can improve the needs of the disabled in Malaysia. One of the important professions today is a social worker. Social work programs at public universities provide courses for students of social work programs to understand and handle clients, including the disabled. The courses offered should make students understand the aspects of diversity in dealing with clients. Students of social work programs should be proficient in handling a variety of clients, including the disabled. This article will discuss the mastery of social work program students in understanding the disabled while studying. A total of 279 students at six public universities offering social work programs were involved in this study. This study which uses quantitative methods that is the distribution of questionnaires and data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) version 23. The findings show that students of social work programs are able to master understanding the disabled while studying at university. This finding is based on the results of a survey of courses offered at universities that have provided and prepared social work program students with skills and theories that can be applied in helping people with disabilities. This situation shows that social work trainees have received sufficient training since studying at the Bachelor's Degree level.

Keywords: Social Work Education; Disabled; Services; Social Work

Abstrak: Statistik Jabatan Kebajikan Masyarakat (JKM) pada tahun 2021 menunjukkan seramai 587, 608 golongan Orang Kurang Upaya (OKU) yang berdaftar dengan JKM. Jumlah ini merupakan jumlah yang rendah dibandingkan dengan jumlah yang berdaftar kelahiran iaitu lebih empat juta yang dilaporkan merupakan OKU. Angka yang banyak ini menunjukkan satu keperluan profesion yang perlu dilatih untuk membantu golongan OKU. Kajian di Malaysia sering memberi penumpuan kepada aspek perkhidmatan dan pemulihan kepada golongan OKU. Namun, agak kurang kajian tentang mengenalpasti profesion lain yang mampu meningkatkan keperluan golongan OKU di Malaysia. Salah satu profesion yang penting kini adalah pekerja sosial. Program kerja sosial di universiti awam sememangnya menyediakan kursus kepada pelajar program kerja sosial untuk memahami dan mengendalikan klien termasuk golongan OKU. Kursus yang ditawarkan perlu menjadikan pelajar memahami aspek kepelbagaian dalam berhadapan dengan klien. Pelajar program kerja sosial seharusnya mahir dalam mengendalikan kepelbagaian klien termasuklah golongan OKU. Artikel ini akan membincangkan tentang penguasaan pelajar program kerja sosial dalam memahami golongan OKU semasa mengikuti pengajian. Seramai 279 orang pelajar di enam buah universiti awam yang menawarkan program kerja sosial telah terlibat dalam kajian ini. Kajian ini yang menggunakan kaedah kuantitatif iaitu pengedaran borang soal selidik dan data telah dianalisis menggunakan Pakej Statistik untuk Sains Sosial (SPSS) versi 23. Penemuan kajian mendapati pelajar program kerja sosial mampu memahami dan mempelajari intervensi terhadap golongan OKU ketika mengikuti pengajian di universiti. Penemuan ini berdasarkan hasil tinjauan terhadap kursus yang ditawarkan di universiti telah menyediakan dan mempersiapkan pelajar program kerja sosial dengan kemahiran dan teori yang boleh diaplikasikan dalam membantu golongan OKU. Keadaan ini menunjukkan pelatih kerja sosial mendapat latihan secukupnya sejak mengikuti pengajian di peringkat Ijazah Sarjana Muda.

Kata kunci: Pendidikan Kerja Sosial; Orang Kurang Upaya; Perkhidmatan; Kerja Sosial

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Published
2023-04-27
How to Cite
Asalal, N., Sidek, S., & Abd Wahab, H. (2023). KEPERLUAN GOLONGAN PROFESIONAL TERLATIH MENGENDALIKAN GOLONGAN ORANG KURANG UPAYA DI MALAYSIA . Asian People Journal (APJ), 6(1), 143-155. https://doi.org/10.37231/apj.2023.6.1.444