Al-Asha‘irah: Faktor Perkembangan Dan Metodologi Argumentasinya

Mohd Faiz Hakimi bin Mat Idris, Ishak bin Suliaman, Ahmad Zahid bin Salleh, Sofyuddin bin Yusof, Abdillah Hisham bin Abdul Wahab, Mohd A’Tarahim bin Mohd Razali

Abstract

This paper aims to trace the history of how al-Asha‘irah emerged, factors that contributed to its development, prominent figures in this stream, and the stream’s method of proving with dalil (reasoning based on analogy). This stream was founded by ‘Ali Ibn Isma‘il Ibn Ishaq Ibn Salim Ibn Isma‘il Ibn ‘Abd Allah Ibn Musa Ibn Bilal Ibn Abi Burdah Ibn Abi Musa al-Ash‘ari. The stream employed two methods of proving with dalil. They referred to naqli dalil, which refers to the Quran and hadith, and they employed sensible dalil to strenghten the reasoning obtained from the Quran and hadith.

 

Keywords: Al- Asha‘irah, methodology, school of thought.

Full Text:

PDF

References

‘Abd al-Raziq Mustafa, Tamhid li Tarikh al-Falsafah al-Islamiyyah. Kaherah: Maktabah al-Thaqafat al-Diniyyah.

‘Abd al-Ghaniy Abd al-Maqsud (1406 hijrah), Usul al-‘Aqidah al-Islamiyyah. Kaherah: Maktabah al-Zahra’.

Muhammad Abu Zahrah, Tarikh al-Madhahib al-Islamiyyah fi al-Siyasah wa al-‘Aqa’id wa Tarikh al-Madhahib al-Fiqhiyyah. Kaherah: Dar al-Fikr al-‘Arabi.

Shahrastani, Muhammad Ibn ‘Abd al-Karim Ibn Abi Bakr al- (1991), al-Milal wa al-Nihal. Beirut: Dar al-Ma‘rifah.

Haji Khalifah (1992), Kashf al-Zunun ‘An Usama al-Kutub Wa al-Funun. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Jami, Muhammad Aman Ibn ‘Ali al- (1408 hijrah), al-Sifat al-‘Ilahiyyah fi al-Kitab wa al-Sunnah al-Nabawiyyah fi Daw’al-Ithbat wa al-Tahzih. Riyad: al-Majlis al-‘A‘la li Ihya’ al-Turath al-‘Islami.

Shihab al-Din Abu al-Falah Ibn ‘Imad (1998), Shadharat al-Dhahab Fi Akhbar Min Dhahab. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Muyassar, Muhammad Sayyid Ahmad al, al-Ilahiyyat fi al-‘Aqidah al-Islamiyyah. Kaherah: Dar al-I‘tisam.

‘Arudi, Shakir Ibn Tawfiq al- (1996), Manhaj al-Salaf fi al-Asma’ wa al-Sifat. Damman: Ramadi li al-Nashr.

Qaradawi, Yusuf al- (2005), Fusul fi al-‘Aqidah bayn al-Salaf wa al-Khalaf. Kaherah: Maktabah Wahbah.

Asqar, ‘Umar Sulayman al- (1995), al-‘Aqidah fi Allah, c. 10. Amman: Dar al-Nafa’is li al-Nashr wa al-Tawzi‘.

Asqar, ‘Umar Sulayman al- (1994), Asma’ Allah wa Sifatuh fi Mu‘taqad Ahl al-Sunnah wa al-Jama‘ah, c. 2. Amman: Dar al-Nafa’is li al-Nashr wa al-Tawzi‘.

‘Ays, Muhammad Khayr Muhammad Salim al- (2003), Ayat al-Sifat ‘ind al-Salaf bayn al-Ta’wil wa al-Tafwid min khilal Tafsir al-Tabari. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Ahmad Ahmad Abu al-Sa‘adat (1984), Dirasat fi al-‘Aqidah al-‘Islamiyyah. Matba‘ah al-Nahdah al-‘Arabiyyah.

Muhammad Muhammad ‘Abd al-‘Alim Dasuqi (2011),Sahih Mu‘taqad Abi al-Hasan al-Ash‘ari fi Tawhid al-Sifat wa Atharuh fi Wihdah wa I‘adah Siyaghah al-Mujtama‘ al-Islami. Kaherah: Dar al-Kutub al-Misriyyah.

Maydani, ‘Abd al-Rahman Hasan Habannakah al- (1994), al-‘Aqidah al-‘Islamiyyah wa Ususuha. Damsyik: Dar al-Qalam.

Buti, Muhammad Sa‘id Ramadan al- (2008), Kubra al-Yaqiniyyat al-Kawniyyah. Damsyik: Dar al-Fikr.

Ibn Battah, Abu ‘Abd Allah ‘Ubayd Allah Ibn Muhammad (2002), al-Ibanah ‘an Shari‘ah al-Firqah al-Najiyah wa Mujanabah al-Firaq al-Madhmumah. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

‘Abd al-Raziq, Mustafa, Tamhid li Tarikh al-Falsafah al-Islamiyyah, Kaherah: Maktabah al-Thaqafat al-Diniyyah.

‘Abd al-Ghani , ‘Abd al-Maqsud, (1406 hij), Usul al-‘Aqidah al-Islamiyyah, Kaherah: Maktabah al-Zahra’.

Ahmad Nazri bin Zainol (2010). Tafsiran Ayat-Ayat Sifat: Perbandingan antara Fakhr al-Din al-Razi dan Ibn Taymiyyah. (Disertasi yang tidak diterbitkan, Bahagian Pengajian Usuluddin, Jabatan al-Quran dan al-Hadith, Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya)

Siti Sa’adiah binti Shafik (1999). Ayat-Ayat Mutashabihat dalam Akidah: Suatu Kajian Perbandingan antara Ulama Salaf dan Khalaf. (Disertasi yang tidak diterbitkan, Bahagian Pengajian Usuluddin, Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya).

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.