Analisis Konflik Pro-Life Dan Pro-Choice Isu Pengguguran Terapeutik Dari Aspek Menjaga Nyawa Menurut Al-Quran

Siti Khatijah Ismail Binyi Ismail, Ridzwan Ahmad Bin Ahmad

Abstract

Therapeutic abortion is the termination of pregnancy procedures based on medical justification. There are two schools of opinion concerning to the issue of abortion. The first group confirmed that this procedure is done with a reason to save the mother's life or known as a pro-life group. The second group emphasized on the right of a woman to choose whether to continue with the pregnancy or not, known as pro-choice. Consequently, a 'priority conflict' arises between them. Thus, this article aims to analyze this conflict in accordance with the concept of preservation of life as found in verse 12 of Surat al-Hashr and verse 31 of Surat al-Isra '. Through an analysis of the work of scholars in the field of jurisprudence and medicine, interviews with the experts in the field of obstetrics and interpretation of these two verses in view of the maslahah (benefit) and mafsadah (harm),it is found that pro-life is a priority that needs to be preserved where the maslahah to protect lives is given due consideration.

 

Keywords: the Quran, preservation of life, Therapeutic abortion, pro-life, pro-choice

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