Metode Pentafsiran Al-Ilmiy Hamka Dan Al-Maraghiy Terhadap Ayat-Ayat Al-Kawniyyah : Satu Perbandingan
The Tafsir al-Azhar of HAMKA is one of the Malay world's tafsir which reveals the vastness of knowledge that encompasses and covers all disciplines of science. In this interpretation, he pay close attention to the Qur'anic verses relating to al-kawniyyah or the development of nature as a means of strengthening the creed. The approach he applied in interpreting the verses of al-kawniyyah was through the interpretation of al-ilmiy (scientific interpretation). Although there are pros and cons to the pattern of al-tafsir al-ilmiy, this pattern is the main medium of Islamic scholars to debate al-kawniyyah verses based on theories and discoveries of science that have been produced today. Among the sources of HAMKA references in writing Tafsir al-Azhar is the book of tafsir (quranic exegesis) of Sheikh Mustafa al-Maraghiy, known as Tafsir al-Maraghiy. This interpretation is also regarded as one of the Quranic exegesis which emphasizes the interpretation of the character of al-tafsir al-ilmiy and is modest in highlighting the scientific facts related to al-kawniyyah verses in the Qur'an. This article will attempt to review and analyze the views and methodologies of HAMKA in his interpretation of al-kawniyyah verses in the Qur'an and compare with the interpretation of al-Maraghiy. The author identified, collected, compiled, analyzed and compared the interpretations made by HAMKA and al-Maraghiy toward the al-kawniyyah verses to obtain a brief overview of the interpretation methodology of these two mufassir based on al-tafsir al-ilmiy's pattern from equation. The result of this study found that apart from Tafsir al-Azhar's references, Tafsir al-Maraghiy has similarities from the point of writing and interpretation of the Qur'anic verse applied by HAMKA. In addition, the study can also prove the similarities inherent from both these mufassirs as a result of the analysis of the methodology of interpretation of al-kawniyyah verses through the al-tafsir al-ilmiy pattern. The conclusions of this paper have proven the strengths and capabilities of the indigenous scholars of HAMKA, but he also refers to the major texts of the Qur'an in the world of Islamic science disciplines in interpreting the verses of Allah in the Qur'an.
Keywords: al-Quran, al-Tafsir al-Ilmiy (Scientific Interpretation), Tafsir al-Azhar, HAMKA, Tafsir al-Maraghiy
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