Kematangan dalam Pengurusan Harta dalam Kalangan Pelajar Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia: Satu Tinjauan Berdasarkan Maqasid Syari’ah [The Efficiency in Property Management among Students of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia: A Review Based on Maqasid Syari'ah

Mohamad Sabri Haron, Riki Rahman

Abstract

Self-esteem, yang diterjemahkan ke dalam Bahasa Arab sebagai taqdir al-dhat, adalah salah satu konstruk yang dibincangkan dalam ilmu psikologi. Self-esteem terbentuk daripada fikiran, tanggapan, dan perasaan seseorang terhadap dirinya sendiri. Kajian ini dijalankan bagi mengenalpasti intipati entiti al-dhat ataupun self yang kritikal dinilai dari masa ke masa bagi memastikan konsep taqdīr al-dhāt difahami menurut perspektif ilmu wahyu. Kajian dilakukan dengan metod al-Hadith al-Mawdu’i, bermula dengan mentakrifkan semula self-esteem sebagai taqdir al-dhat menurut perspektif bahasa sebelum membincangkannya dalam konteks ilmu wahyu. Definisi ini dijadikan asas dalam membina kod bagi mengenalpasti hadith-hadith tematik yang berkaitan dalam Kitab Sahih al-Bukhari. Kod-kod yang terlibat ialah kalimah al-nafs, kalimah al-qalb, a’māl al-nafs, amrād al-nafs, dan keadaan serta kalimah yang menunjukkan nilai diri insan. Analisis hadith-hadith tematik yang diperolehi membuktikan kemandirian unsur al-nafs dan menekankan penilaian al-nafs sebagai sumber asal yang membentuk pemikiran, perasaan, keputusan, sikap dan tingkahlaku seseorang. Dapatan ini memberi paradigma baru dalam memahami konsep self-esteem menurut al-Hadith seterusnya menawarkan fokus baru dalam usaha meningkatkan self-esteem.



Property is the core of life as well as one of the sources of individual power and society. Seeking and possessing as much wealth as possible is a human nature instincts, but wealth will not provide benefits and bring blessings if not based on the rules of the Shari'a. Thus, the purpose of this study is to analyze the efficiency of students, especially students of Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM) in managing their property in accordance with the perspective of maqasid syari'ah. With 470 respondents, information was obtained through questionnaires divided into three main categories, namely the tendency of material and the topic of reading, where money was saved and their estimated savings, and the excessive use of money was spent. The collected data is analyzed using descriptive analysis techniques through IBM SPSS Statistics version 20.0 to get the number of respondents and their percentage for each answer from the question presented. Based on the findings, this study found that the efficiency of UKM students in managing their property in terms of knowledge was diverse. Many of the students find resources on property management from religious books (63.6%), economic books (20.9%), and online news (only 11.1% who did not access at all). However, quite a few among them prefer to access entertainment (44.7%) and drama (62.1%) sources on television. While property management in terms of stored assets is still at a moderate level. While in terms of the spent assets, the students have been wise in managing their properties. Therefore, this study recommends that in managing the property, the Maqasid Syariah approach should be considered as it is very important to ensure the property can be managed well and at the same time the management is in compliance with the requirements of Islamic law, so that it will receive the reward and pleasure from Allah SWT.

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