Insaf al-Quran al-Karim li al-Mar'at Siyasiyan wa Idariyan fi Daw'i al-Nusus al-Qur'aniyah [Political and Administrative Fairness of Qur’an Towards Women in Light of Qur’anic Texts]

Mohamed Fathy Mohamed Abdelgelil, Tengku Fatimah Muliana Tengku Muda, Nur Sakiinah Ab Aziz, Mostafa Hassan Mohamed Alkhayat, Mariam Nabilah Mohd Noor

Abstract

الآيات القرآنية الكريمة تتحدث بعدل وإنصاف عن المرأة المسلمة ومكانتها المرموقة في المجتمع المسلم، ولكن مع الأسف الشديد من ينظر إلى الواقع المشهود يجد أن القرآن الكريم وآياته وأحكامه في محل الاتهام، وكثر من يدّعي ويزعم أن القرآن الكريم هضم حق المرأة ومنعها من الإدارة والسياسة، وهنا تكمن مشكلة البحث، فيهدف هذا المقال إلى الذب عن آيات القرآن وإظهار إبطال هذه الدعاوى المغرضة، والحث على تتبع المعنى الصحيح للآيات القرآنية والتي ينبري لتفسيرها أهل العلم، وقد قام هذا البحث على المنهج التحليلي وذلك لتتبع الآيات القرآنية التي تتحدث عن مكانة المرأة إداريا وسياسيا وتحليلها وإظهار اهتمام القرآن بهذا الأمر، ثم نتج عن هذا البحث عدة نتائج، منها: أن القرآن الكريم أعطى للمرأة حرية إدارية وسياسية لم تكن تتمتع بها قبل الإسلام، وكذا لم تتمتع بها المرأة غير المسلمة، كما يظهر أثر المرأة سياسيا وإداريا وإقرار القرآن بذلك.



The Holy Qur'anic verses fairly and justly talk about Muslim woman and her sublime position in the Muslim community; however, any observer of the witnessed reality finds that the Holy Qur'an, its verses and rulings are in suspicion and that the number of those who claim that the Holy Qur'an deprived women their rights and prevented them from administration and politics is increasing. Here lies the research problem. Therefore, this article aims to defend the Qur’anic verses, to refute these ill-purposed claims, and to encourage the search for the authentic interpretation of the verses which is implemented by the people of knowledge. This research adopted the analytical methodology to track the Qur’anic verses which talk about women’s administrative and political status, then to analyse them to demonstrate the Qur’an’s concern about this matter.  Many results have been concluded. Among them, the Holy Qur’an gave women administrative and political freedom which they have not enjoyed before Islam. Even the non-Muslim women have not enjoyed such freedom. In addition, the research demonstrated the women’s administrative and political impact and the Qur’an approved that.

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