Mediating Role of Quality of Life in the Relationship between Prison Climate and Life Satisfaction

  • Mohd Norbayusri Baharudin Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Mahadzirah Mohamad Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Fazida Karim Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA), Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia
Keywords: Quality of Life, prison climate, life satisfaction, drug-abuse inmates, Malaysia


This study emphasises the importance of Quality of Life (QoL) as a bridge between prison climate and life satisfaction among Malaysian drug-abuse inmates. The respondents are given a self-administered assessment randomly selected from the list of drug-abuse inmates in a Malaysian prison. The Structural Equation Modelling in IBM-SPSS-AMOS 25.0 is applied to model and calculate the inter-relationships among the constructs in the study. The results show that QoL significantly influences drug abuse inmates' prison climate and life satisfaction and partially mediates the relation between prison climate and life satisfaction among Malaysian drug-abuse inmates. QoL is essential to fulfil drug-abuse inmates' life satisfaction during imprisonment and achieve a better life in the community after being released from prison. Hence, practical contributions are proposed to the Malaysian Prison Department for designing appropriate policies and strategies to improve prison climate and QoL for achieving drug-abuse inmates' life satisfaction since Malaysian life satisfaction has become the government's priority in the 12th Malaysia Plan (2021-2025). 


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How to Cite
Baharudin, M. N., Mahadzirah Mohamad, & Fazida Karim. (2021). Mediating Role of Quality of Life in the Relationship between Prison Climate and Life Satisfaction . The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP), 2(3), 41-48.