REKONSTRUKSI DALAMAN VARIAN BANJAR BERIAH PURBA
[INTERNAL RECONSTRUCTION OF BANJAR BERIAH PROTO VARIANTS]

Rahim Aman, Nazihah Najwa Othman, Shahidi A. H, Ery Iswary, Anwar O.D

Abstract

This study describes the phonological system of Banjar Kuala (BK), Banjar Hulu (BJ) and Banjar Alai (BA) dialect variants. The phonological description is used to reconstruct the ancient dialect form Banjar Beriah Proto Variant (BBPV). The attempt to reconstruct this ancient dialect was carried out using qualitative comparative methods through the verification of sound correspondences. The findings confirm that the BK and BA variants have a five-vocal system and the BH variant has a three-vocal system. In addition, these three variants, BK, BH and BA have 18 consonant system. This paper concludes that the Banjar Beriah Purba variant has an ancient three vocal system, namely * i, * a and * u and three ancient dialects, namely * aw, * aj, and * uj. BBPV also has 18 ancient consonants, i.e * p, * b, * t, * d, * k, * g, * s, * h, * tS, * dZ, * m, * n, * ø, * N, * r, * l, * w, and * j. This study is hoped to expand the limited knowledge related to Ancient Malay Language.

Keywords: Banjar Beriah Proto variant; reconstruction; proto dialect; variant; sound correspondences.

Cite as: Aman, R.,  Othman, N.N., Shahidi, A. H., Iswary, E., & Anwar, O.D. (2018). Rekonstruksi dalaman Varian Banjar Beriah Purba [Internal reconstruction of Banjar Beriah Proto Variants]. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 3(2), 92-106. http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol3iss2pp92-106

 

ABSTRAK

Kajian ini mendeskripsikan sistem fonologi varian dialek Banjar Kuala (BK), Banjar Hulu (BH) dan Banjar Alai (BA). Deskripsi fonologi ini digunakan untuk merekonstruksi bentuk dialek purba yang diandaikan wujud pada suatu ketika dulu, iaitu Varian Banjar Beriah Purba (VBBP). Usaha merekonstruksi dialek purba ini dijalankan dengan menggunakan kaedah perbandingan kualitatif melalui pencerakinan perangkat kesepadanan bunyi. Hasil dapatan fonologi mengesahkan bahawa varian BK dan BA memiliki sistem lima vokal dan varian BH memiliki sistem tiga vokal. Selain itu, ketiga-tiga varian ini, iaitu BK, BH dan BA memiliki sistem 18 buah konsonan. Berdasarkan dapatan rekonstruksi pula, varian Banjar Beriah Purba memiliki sistem tiga vokal purba, iaitu *i, *a dan *u dan tiga buah diftong purba, iaitu *aw, *aj, dan *uj. Selanjutnya, VBBP juga memiliki 18 buah konsonan purba, iaitu *p, *b, *t, *d, *k, *g, *s, *h, *tS, *dZ, *m, *n, *ø, *N, *r, *l, *w, dan *j. Kajian ini diharapkan dapat mengembangkan lagi pengetahuan berkaitan bahasa Melayik Purba.

Kata kunci: Varian Banjar Beriah Purba; Rekonstruksi; Dialek Purba; Varian; Perangkat kesepadanan.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Abdullah Sani, Y. (1989). Bahasa Banjar Pehuluan. Jurnal Dewan Bahasa, 12(1), 911-918.

Adelaar, K. A. (1994). Bahasa Melayik Purba rekonstruksi fonologi sebagian dari leksikon dan morfologi. Jakarta: RUL.

Campbell, L. (2001). Historical linguistics: An introduction. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Cense, A. A. & Uhlenbeck, E. M. (1958). Critical survey of studies on the languages of Borneo. S-Gravenhage: Nijhoff.

Chambers, J. K. & Trudgill, P. (1998). Dialectology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crowley, T. (1992). An introduction to historical linguistics. Auckland: Oxford Press University.

Durasid, D. (1984). Morfologi dan sintaksis bahasa Banjar Hulu. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa, Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Hapip, A. D. (1977). Kamus Banjar Indonesia. Jakarta: Pusat Pembinaan dan Pengembangan Bahasa.

Hudson, A. B. (1978). Linguistic relations among Bornean peoples with special reference to Sarawak: An interim report. Dlm. V. Sutlive (ed.). Sarawak: Linguistics and development problems (pp. 3-44). Williamsburg: Department of Anthropology, College of William and Mary.

Hudson, A. B. (1970). A note on Selako: Malayic Dayak and Land Dayak languages in Western Borneo. Sarawak Museum Journal, 18(36-37), 301-318.

Jayaprakash, R. (2011). Research methodology. New Delhi: APH Publishing Corporation.

Kawi, D. (1991). Bahasa Banjar dialek dan subdialeknya. (Disertasi doktor falsafah). Balai Bahasa Banjarmasin, Universitas Indonesia.

Mahsun, M. S. (2005). Metode penelitian bahasa: Tahapan strategi, metode dan tekniknya. Jakarta: PT Raja Grafindo Persada.

Mc Millan, J. H. & Schumacher, S. (2003). Research in education. New Jersey: Pearson.

Mohd Tarmizi, H., Shahidi, A. H., & Rahim, A. (2013). Inovasi dan retensi dalam dialek Hulu Tembeling. Gema Online Journal of Languages Studies, 13(3), 221-222.

Nathan, J. A. & Khin, K. A. (2016). Malaysia’s national language policy in international theoretical context. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 1(1), 71-84.

Rahim, A. (2008). Linguistik bandingan bahasa Bidayuhik. Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia.

Rahim, A., Zulkifley, H., & Shahidi, A. H. (2012). Profil pemikiran Banjar: Satu kajian perbandingan antara suku Banjar di Malaysia dan di Indonesia. Malaysia Journal of Society and Space, 8(21), 80-249.

Ras, J. J. (1968). Hikayat Banjar: A study of Malay historiography. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Ringe, D. & Eska, J. F. (2013). Historical linguistics: Toward a twenty-first century reintegration. New York: Cambridge University Press.

Sidney, H. R. (1913). The languages of Borneo. London: Hatton garden.

Strauss, A. & Corbin, J. (1998). Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Wurm, S. A. & Wilson, B. (1975). English finderlist of reconstruction in Austronesian languages (post-Brandstetter). Pasific Linguistics c-33. Canberra: Australian National University.

Yunus, M. (1980). The Malay sound system. Kuala Lumpur: Fajar Bakti.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.