توحيد صف المسلمين وحكم الاختلاف في أصول العقيدة وفروعها

علي جبر علي صالح, أنكو أحمد زكي بن أنكو علوي

Abstract


The Prophet Adam AS and his descendants were appointed by Allah as caliphs on the earth, in order to acknowledge God’s oneness and to warn them against any deviation. It is crucial that the Muslims unite themselves to establish the religion and avoid disunity. However it can be seen that the contemporary Muslim community is in a very hard rupture, even in the issues of Islamic tenets or creed, until the issues of Islamic jurisprudence or politics are regarded as the Islamic creed, and the issues of the Islamic branches (furu’) are regarded as the fundamentals (usul). The problem has led them to regard others as the infidels and to shed of their bloods, and here lies the problem of the research.  In this paper, the rule of disagreement in the fundamentals of the Islamic tenets and its branches are discussed. Document analysis method is adopted to approach this issue and find the solution. The findings prove that all of the messengers of Allah are unanimous in upholding the God's command namely; submission to one God and not to worship other than Him. Any disagreement only concerns with matters of obedience and its execution from one particular sect to another. Any Islamic teachings derived from clear legal revelation must be adhered to and spread to the others. Meanwhile in matters which carry multiple connotations with no clear cut evidence, it is permissible for a person who is qualified of ijtihad to practice as he understands from his ijtihad, and not to claim others as disbeliever so long as the matters fall within the vague issues concerning the jurisprudence or the Islamic tenets.   

Keywords :  Tawheed - Row - Islam - Disagreement - UsulFuru’ – Islamic tenet


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