KEPIMPINAN DISTRIBUTIF, KEADAAN DALAM SEKOLAH, DAN KOMITMEN GURU UNTUK BERUBAH: SATU ANALISA PARTIAL LEAST SQUARES
[DISTRIBUTIVE LEADERSHIP, IN-SCHOOL CONDITION, AND TEACHERS’ COMMITMENT TO CHANGE: A PARTIAL LEAST SQUARES ANALYSIS]

Lei Mee Thien, Meow Yem Tan

Abstract

Kajian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji hubungan antara kepimpinan distributif terhadap komitmen guru untuk berubah dengan keadaan dalam sekolah sebagai mediator. Kajian ini menggunakan reka bentuk kajian kuantitatif dengan kaedah tinjauan. Sampel kajian terdiri daripada 357 orang guru-guru sekolah menengah yang dipilih secara rawak daripada 20 buah sekolah di Daerah Seberang Perai Utara dan Seberang Perai Tengah di Pulau Pinang, Malaysia. Pendekatan Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) dengan perisian SmartPLS 3.2.7 digunakan untuk penganalisaan data. Dapatan kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa kepimpinan distributif mempunyai hubungan positif yang signifikan dengan komitmen guru untuk berubah secara langsung (β=0.472, p<.05). Keadaan dalam sekolah mempunyai kesan pengantaraan yang signifikan dalam hubungan antara kepimpinan distributif dan komitmen guru untuk berubah (β=0.228, p<.05). Dapatan kajian memberi implikasi terhadap pihak pembuat polisi dan pentadbir sekolah bahawa kepimpinan distributif dan keadaan dalam sekolah merupakan elemen yang penting untuk meningkatkan komitmen guru untuk berubah dalam pengajaran abad ke-21.

Kata kunci: Keadaan dalam sekolah, kepimpinan distributif, komitmen guru untuk berubah, Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM), pembuat polisi.


ABSTRACT

This study aims to investigate the relationships between distributed leadership and teachers’ commitment to change with in-school condition as the mediator. This study employed quantitative survey research design. Data consisted of 357 secondary teachers who were selected randomly from 20 schools in northern and central districts in Seberang Prai in Penang, Malaysia. Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM) approach with SmartPLS 3.2.7 software was used for data analysis. Findings revealed significant and positive direct relationship between distributed leadership and teachers’ commitment to change (β=0.472, p<.05). In-school condition has significant mediating effects between distributed leadership and teachers’ commitment to change (β=0.228, p<.05). Findings informed implications for policymakers that distributed leadership and in-school condition are two ultimate elements to enhance teachers’ commitment to change in the teaching of 21st century.

Keywords: Distributed leadership, in-school condition, Partial Least Squares Structural Equation Modeling (PLS-SEM), policymakers, teachers’ commitment to change

Cite as: Thien, L. M. & Tan, M. Y. (2019). Kepimpinan distributif, keadaan dalam sekolah, dan komitmen guru untuk berubah: Satu analisa partial least squares. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 4(1), 159-185. http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol4iss1pp159-185

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