THE MEDIATING ROLE OF SELF-EFFICACY ON THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WORK-FAMILY CONFLICT AND ORGANISATIONAL CITIZENSHIP BEHAVIOUR

Meor Rashydan Abdullah, Sabitha Marican, Nurul Liyana Mohd Kamil

Abstract

Organisational citizenship behaviour (OCB) is important in the organisational behavioural research. OCB contributes significantly to the success of an organisation through proactive behaviour in extra-role activity and active involvement in organisation operation to ensure efficiency and productivity in service delivery. The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between work-family conflict as the antecedent of OCB and the role of self-efficacy as the mediating variable. Data were collected from 510 public administrators at Public Service Department, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Education and Ministry of Health in Putrajaya, Malaysia. Data analyses were conducted using partial least squares structural equation modelling (PLS-SEM) to test the research model hypotheses related to the relationship between work-family conflict, self-efficacy and OCB. The findings confirmed that there is a significant negative relationship between work-family conflict and self-efficacy and there is no relationship between work-family conflict and OCB. Self-efficacy is proven to be a fully mediation variable in the relationship between work-family conflict and OCB. The results suggest that organisations should be aware of individual characteristics and work-family domain to foster participation and engagement in OCB. The findings of this study contribute to the literature especially on OCB and open new avenues for future research by providing new perspective on factors that influence individual behaviour and also the role of personal efficacy on those relationship.

 

Keywords: Mediation analysis, Organisational Citizenship Behaviour (OCB), self-efficacy, SmartPLS, work-family conflict.

 

Cite as: Abdullah, M. R., Marican, S., & Mohd Kamil, N. L. (2019). The mediating role of self-efficacy on the relationship between work-family conflict and organisational citizenship behaviour. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 4(1), 246-272. http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol4iss1pp246-272

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