• Mohd Mahadee Ismail
  • Zaini Othman
  • Nor Azlili Hassan
  • Nor Hafizah Abdullah
  • Azlina Abdullah
  • Ummi Munirah Syuhada Mohamad Zan


This article focuses on the nation-building among youths in Malaysia through civic education. Today's youths are exposed to various social challenges, including domestic and global intimidations, and they are easily involved in social problems and immoral activities. Moreover, some of the youths are seen as close-minded, lack respect for the elders and intolerant in their daily life which may affect inter-ethnic relations in a multiethnic society. It is crucial to foster the youths to ensure a better development of the country. The government has implemented civic education approach in educating the youths to foster a strong patriotism and nationalism, and strengthen their loyalty towards the country. The purpose of this study is to provide insights into the implementation of civic education approach cultivating civic consciousness among the Malaysian youth groups. This study employed quantitative approach through a survey technique by using questionnaires distributed to 431 Malaysian youths from Universiti Putra Malaysia (i.e 241 Malay and 190 Chinese students). Descriptive analysis was implemented to compare and contrast the intensity of civic education based on three dimensions, namely civic knowledge, civic skills and civic disposition. The findings show that the Malay and Chinese respondents have high levels of civic education and high civic consciousness as to understand the importance of living in a multiethnic society. The positive integration among the Malays and Chinese will strengthen a sense of belonging among the Malaysian youths. This study concludes that civic education in this country is important as the foundation for unity and the construction of a dreamed nation-state.


Keywords: Civic education, civic education approach, nation-building, youths, youth groups in Malaysia


Cite as: Ismail, M. M., Othman, Z., Hassan, N. A., Abdullah, N. H., Abdullah, A., & Mohamad Zan, U. M. S. (2019). Nation-building among youths in Malaysia: The civic education approach. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 4(2), 390-409.

Author Biographies

Mohd Mahadee Ismail

Department of Government and Civilisation Studies, Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Zaini Othman

Faculty of Humanities, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Sabah, Malaysia

Nor Azlili Hassan

Faculty of Creative Industries, Universiti Tunku Abdul Rahman, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Nor Hafizah Abdullah

Centre of Modern Languages and Communication, Faculty of Languages and Communication, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Gong Badak Campus, 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

Azlina Abdullah

Social, Environment and Developmental Sustainability Research Center, Faculty of Social Science and Humanities, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia

Ummi Munirah Syuhada Mohamad Zan

Faculty of Management and Muamalah, Kolej Universiti Islam Antarabangsa Selangor, Malaysia

How to Cite
Ismail, M. M., Othman, Z., Hassan, N. A., Abdullah, N. H., Abdullah, A., & Mohamad Zan, U. M. S. (2019). NATION-BUILDING AMONG YOUTHS IN MALAYSIA: THE CIVIC EDUCATION APPROACH. Journal of Nusantara Studies (JONUS), 4(2), 390-409.