Previous literature either deciphered the literary and rhetorical aspects of metaphor or focused on its conceptual basis in the interpretation of the Quran. No attempt has so far been made to harness the linguistic and conceptual metaphor approaches to provide a comprehensive interpretation of the metaphors in the Quran. This paper reviews the existing literature on the interpretation of metaphor in the Quran from different theoretical perspectives. The review reveals that the application of different theoretical approaches has led to the dissociation of language and thought in the interpretation of metaphors. The linguistic approaches miss the bulk of conventional metaphors, while the cognitive approaches ignore the linguistic aspects of metaphor. The findings also reveal that the linguistic studies of metaphor concern themselves with the rhetorical beauty of the Holy Quran, while the conceptual metaphor studies explore the generic categorization of concepts. This paper calls for a more elaborate mechanism, which can account for both the linguistic and conceptual aspects of metaphor, to fill the gap between the linguistic and conceptual knowledge in the existing literature for a comprehensive interpretation of metaphors in the Quran.


Keywords: Cognitive models, conceptual metaphor, lexical concept, linguistic metaphor, majaz, metaphor.


Cite as: Sardaraz, K., & Ali, R. (2021). Dichotomy of language & thought in the interpretation of metaphor in the Quran.  Journal of Nusantara Studies, 6(1), 95-117. http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol6iss1pp95-117

Author Biographies

Sardaraz Khan, ORIC, University of Science and Technology Bannu, 28100 Khyber Pakhunkhwa, Pakistan.

Khan, Sardaraz did his master in English literature from the Gomal University, Dera Ismail Khan, and achieved Ph D in Linguistics from the  Faculty of Language and Communication Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, Sarawak, Malaysia. The Author is currently serving as the Director of ORIC at the University of Science & Technology, Bannu, Pakistan.

Roslan Ali, Faculty for Language & Communication Studies, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak (UNIMAS), 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia.

Roslan Ali received his Master of Education (2003) from the Malaysian International Islamic University (IIUM) and PhD from the National University of Malaysia (UKM) in 2012 in the field of Arabic Studies. He is currently a senior lecturer in University Malaysia Sarawak. His expertise is in Malay and Arabic grammar, semantic, pragmatic besides translation in Malay-Arabic, Arabic-Malay.


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How to Cite
Khan, S., & Ali, R. (2021). DICHOTOMY OF LANGUAGE & THOUGHT IN THE INTERPRETATION OF METAPHOR IN THE QURAN. Journal of Nusantara Studies (JONUS), 6(1), 95-117. https://doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol6iss1pp95-117