EXAMINING COMPETENCE IN ACTION RESEARCH OF BASIC EDUCATION TEACHERS IN CEBU CITY, PHILIPPINES

Abstract

Background and Purpose: This study examined the self-perceived competence in action research components of basic education teachers in Cebu City as one form of identifying their challenges in doing AR. The results aimed to provide baseline information for the planned professional development program.

 

Methodology: It employed a sequential explanatory design (QUAN→qual). It is characterized by collecting and analyzing quantitative data in the primary phase and then by collecting and analyzing qualitative data. There were 166 teachers who participated in the online survey. These teachers previously underwent professional development programs in designing AR projects, and two-thirds did an AR. Using their responses, they were grouped through a hierarchical clustering technique to create distinct groups of teachers sharing the similarity of competence or needs in the AR components. The cluster analysis yields four groups. Eventually, eight teachers were interviewed regarding their responses, which means two teachers represented each cluster.

 

Findings: For very few teachers in cluster one (n=4), they regard selecting AR topic, planning the project, analyzing and presenting data, and integrating ethics as areas of non-difficulty while integrating technology, reflecting on AR, and communicating results as areas of difficulty. For the majority of the teachers belonging in cluster 2 (n=76), cluster 3 (n=37), and cluster 4 (n=49), all AR components are regarded as difficult, indicating all are critical areas for professional development.

Contributions: A conventional way of conducting needs assessment of teachers’ competence in AR as a basis for professional development program is done through calculating the mean and standard deviation per AR competence or skills of all teachers participating in a survey. However, this method disregards the individual professional needs of teachers as it presents the general level of competence in each skill set. The professional needs may vary from one teacher to another. Thus, this study presents a novel way of examining teachers’ needs in AR by using cluster analysis to homogenously group participants according to the similarity of their responses or professional needs. This gives key reference points on which AR skills need to be improved for teachers belonging to the same group when planning a teacher development program in AR.

 

Keywords: Action research, competence, in-service teacher, professional development, teacher research.

 

Cite as: Cortes, S. T., Pineda, H. A., & Geverola, I. J. R. (2021). Examining competence in action research of basic education teachers in Cebu city, Philippines.  Journal of Nusantara Studies, 6(2), 202-230. http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol6iss2pp202-230

Author Biographies

Sylvester Tan Cortes, Pure Sciences Department, College of Arts and Sciences, Cebu Technological University – Main Campus Cebu City, Philippines

Sylvester T. Cortes is a resident faculty of Cebu Technological University. He is currently pursuing a doctorate degree in Science Education majoring in Biology at the University of San Carlos in Cebu City. He has a wide range of research interests including action research, teacher training, science education, microplastics, and food security.

Hedeliza Arcenal Pineda, Pure Sciences Department, College of Arts and Sciences, Cebu Technological University – Main Campus Cebu City, Philippines

Hedeliza A. Pineda is a resident faculty of Cebu Technological University. She is the University Director for Instruction designate and holds an Associate Professor V rank. Her research interests include chemistry education, environmental chemistry, and action research.

Immar Jun Robledo Geverola, Alaska Night High School, Cebu City Division, Department of Education, Philippines

Immar Jun R. Geverola is a basic education teacher at the Alaska Night High School in Cebu City. Currently, he is pursuing a doctorate degree in science education at the Cebu Normal University.

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Tan Cortes, S., Pineda, H. A., & Geverola, I. J. R. (2021). EXAMINING COMPETENCE IN ACTION RESEARCH OF BASIC EDUCATION TEACHERS IN CEBU CITY, PHILIPPINES. Journal of Nusantara Studies (JONUS), 6(2), 202-230. https://doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol6iss2pp202-230