VIRTUAL DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN MANDARIN TEACHING: A REVIEW

Abstract

Differentiated instruction, also known as differentiated learning, is a teaching philosophy that considers the needs of all students, including when they are in a virtual learning environment. Virtual strategies and differentiated instruction could be tailored to every learner’s needs and are more convincing than the traditional “one-size-fits-all” approach to teaching. Virtual differentiated instruction shows concerns about students’ existence, encouraging engagement while fulfilling the needs of high-performance students. However, there is little information regarding the application of virtual differentiated instruction by teachers. Besides, teachers might not regularly adapt instruction to students’ specific characteristics. Hence, this research intends to determine the status of differentiated instruction’s implementation in Mandarin virtual learning. The review demonstrates that educators are aware of the existence and importance of differentiated instruction. The practice of differentiated instruction is growing among Mandarin educators, with voices urging for proper training and guidance for its realisation. Of late, Mandarin researchers have been focusing on technology-enhanced learning. Scholars have directly or indirectly been applying the differentiated instruction approach in their teaching practices, with positive impacts on students’ learning. Nevertheless, some discrepancies need to be considered in ensuring its success. An understanding of differentiated instruction in Mandarin virtual classes can help instructors adopt the approach efficiently with attuned strategies to cater to students’ diversity. It could also provide ideas to other educators in differentiating their teaching strategies towards enhancing students’ learning performances.

 

Keywords: Differentiated instruction, virtual learning, Mandarin foreign language, technology-enhance learning, students’ diversity.

 

Cite as: Chua, N. A., Soon, G. Y., Ibrahim, M. Y., Che Noh, C. H., Mansor, N. R., Zaid, C. M., … Shen, D. M. (2021). Virtual differentiated instruction and its implementation in Mandarin teaching: A review.  Journal of Nusantara Studies, 6(2), 231-249. http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol6iss2pp231-249

Author Biographies

Nurul Ain Chua, Language and Communication Department, Centre of Fundamental and Continuing Education (PPAL), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu.

Dr Nurul Ain Chua Binti Abdullah is a senior lecturer, and she is currently teaching Mandarin as the third language to non-native learners at Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia. She has teaching experience at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels for more than 28 years. The author has been actively presenting papers at national and international conferences. She is interested in education, Mandarin/foreign language teaching and learning, curriculum, mobile learning, motivation, and learning strategies

Goh Ying Soon, Academy of Language Studies, MARA University of Technology, 21080 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia

Dr Goh Ying Soon is a senior lecturer, and he is currently teaching Mandarin as the third language to non-native learners at MARA University of Technology, Malaysia. He is a member of the International Society for Chinese Language Teaching. Dr Goh has taught Mandarin at the primary, secondary, and tertiary levels for more than 25 years. He has been actively presenting papers at national and international conferences. His research interests are on educational technology in Mandarin teaching and learning, web-based instruction, translation, etc.

Mohd Yusri Ibrahim, Language and Communication Department, Centre of Fundamental and Continuing Education (PPAL), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu.

Assc. ProfDr Mohd Yusri Ibrahim is an associate professor in the Language and Communication Department at the Universiti Malaysia Terengganu's Centre of Fundamental and Continuing Education (PPAL). His area of expertise is political communication. He is involved in organisational, leadership, and political communication research, publication, and teaching. He frequently gives talks about writing and research methodology. He obtains grants from governments, industries, universities, and the Malaysian Ministry of Higher Education. He has over 20 articles published in peer-reviewed journals, a book, a monograph, and several chapters in the book.

Che Hasniza Che Noh, Language and Communication Department, Centre of Fundamental and Continuing Education (PPAL), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu.

Assoc. Prof. Dr Che Hasniza Che Noh is an associate professor in the Language and Communication Department, Centre for Foundation and Continuing Education, University Malaysia Terengganu. She secures several research grants, including university and Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia grants. She is interested in communication, social media, and interpersonal relationships. She has over 20 articles in peer-review journals, book, monograph, and chapters in the book.

Noor Rohana Mansor, Language and Communication Department, Centre of Fundamental and Continuing Education (PPAL), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu.

Assoc. Prof. Dr Noor Rohana Mansor is an associate professor in the Language and Communication Department, Centre for Foundation and Continuing Education, University Malaysia Terengganu. She secures several research grants, including university and Ministry of Higher Education Malaysia grants. She is interested in Malay Language Studies, Thinking Skills and Hot Order Thinking Skills. She has over ten journals in peer-review journals, 13 books and monographs.

Che Mohd Zaid, Language and Communication Department, Centre of Fundamental and Continuing Education (PPAL), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu.

Dr Che Mohd Zaid Yusof is a PhD holder and works as a senior lecturer at the Center for Foundation and Continuing Education (PPAL), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia. He has published 7 articles Scopus/ WoS indexed. He earned his PhD in Education from the University of Malaya, Malaysia, specialising in learning environment. His research interests are in the areas of education, language learning environment, curriculum and linguistic.

Roswati Abdul Rashid, Language and Communication Department, Centre of Fundamental and Continuing Education (PPAL), Universiti Malaysia Terengganu.

Dr Roswati Abdul Rashid is a senior lecturer of Japanese Language at the Centre of Fundamental and Continuing Studies (PPAL), University Malaysia Terengganu. Her expertise is Applied Linguistics. She is active in research, publication, and teaching in the field of Japanese language, discourse analysis and tourism communication. Her research interests focus on Japanese Language in tourism.

Min Shen, Language Centre, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Jalan Tungku Link, BE1410 Brunei Darussalam

Min Shen is currently an assistant professor at the Universiti Brunei Darussalam. Her research interest involves teaching Chinese as a foreign language, intercultural factors in FL Chinese education, Chinese education in overseas Chinese communities and Chinese Language and civilization. Her work has been published in the Journal of EDUCARE, Macro linguistics, and The IAFOR International Conference on Language Learning.

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Chua, N. A., Soon, G. Y., Ibrahim, M. Y., Che Noh, C. H., Mansor, N. R., Zaid, C. M., Abdul Rashid, R., & Shen, M. (2021). VIRTUAL DIFFERENTIATED INSTRUCTION AND ITS IMPLEMENTATION IN MANDARIN TEACHING: A REVIEW. Journal of Nusantara Studies (JONUS), 6(2), 231-249. https://doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol6iss2pp231-249