DECORATIVE ARTS OF THE BATEK INDIGENOUS PEOPLE: A SYSTEMATIC DOCUMENTATION OF FEATURES

  • Nurhazwani Abd Halim Academy of Language Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Bandar Tun Abdul Razak Jengka, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Tengku Intan Suzila T. S. Academy of Language Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Bandar Tun Abdul Razak Jengka, Pahang, Malaysia
  • Nazirah Ramli Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Bandar Tun Abdul Razak Jengka, Pahang, Malaysia

Abstract

Background and Purpose: The present paper discussed the features of Batek Hep tribe of the Tembeling River, Pahang National Park dwellers’ decorative arts, and the characteristics of three features which include the influence of Fibonacci numbers and Golden ratio in these decorative arts as well as whether its symmetrical elements are leaning towards the vertical or horizontal axis.

 

Methodology: The study adopted a qualitative approach where a content analysis was conducted. The arts being studied were the carvings on Batek bamboo dart cases. Initial impressionistic exploratory overview suggested some similar patterns. Therefore, a hundred bamboo dart containers were conveniently documented by systematic labelling, photographed, and analytically documented. Each bamboo dart casing was then purposively visually analysed. Immerging features were coded and themed. Simple quantification in terms of the carvings and the diameter and the base segment height of 26 bamboo dart cases was performed to put forth the three analysed art forms that is available and visible in Batek arts for the purpose of discussion.

 

Findings: The findings suggest that Batek decorative arts were mostly vertically symmetrical and conform to initial reported representations. The influence of Fibonacci numbers and Golden ratio could also be seen in these decorative arts. There were also repetitions of a sequential pattern that could be found on the dart cases.

Contributions: The significance of this study is, not only it documents an endangered artistic element, but it also serves as a mechanism to set apart the Batek Hep’s decorative arts from other indigenous’ decorative arts through systematic and analytical study on the characteristics of its features. Therefore, the findings contribute to the Malaysian artistic heritage pool of knowledge.

 

Keywords: Batek hep, decorative arts, Fibonacci numbers, golden ratio, symmetrical elements.

 

Cite as: Abd Halim, N., Tengku Sharif, T. I. S., & Ramli, N. (2021). Decorative arts of the batek indigenous people: A systematic documentation of features.  Journal of Nusantara Studies, 6(2), 273-295. http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol6iss2pp273-295

Author Biographies

Nurhazwani Abd Halim, Academy of Language Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Bandar Tun Abdul Razak Jengka, Pahang, Malaysia

Nurhazwani Abd Halim: A lecturer of Academy of Language Studies at the Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang branch, Malaysia. Her research interest covers linguistics and arts. Other areas include teaching English as a second language.

Tengku Intan Suzila T. S., Academy of Language Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Bandar Tun Abdul Razak Jengka, Pahang, Malaysia

Tengku Intan Suzila Tengku Sharif, Ph.D: A senior lecturer of Academy of Language Studies at the Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang branch, Malaysia and currently an expedition grant holder of Transdisciplinary Research on Biodiversity and Environment at Pahang National Park on similar topic. Her research interest covers issues related to linguistic typology of endangered languages, arts and anthropology. Other areas of interest include EFL/ESL/TESL.

Nazirah Ramli, Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang, Bandar Tun Abdul Razak Jengka, Pahang, Malaysia

Asscociate Prof Dr Nazirah Ramli, Ph.D: A senior lecturer of Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences at the Universiti Teknologi MARA Pahang branch, Malaysia and currently a several grants holder including The Sustainable Development Goals Grant on similar topic. Her research interest covers issues related to fuzzy mathematics and education.

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Abd Halim, N., T. S., T. I. S., & Ramli, N. (2021). DECORATIVE ARTS OF THE BATEK INDIGENOUS PEOPLE: A SYSTEMATIC DOCUMENTATION OF FEATURES. Journal of Nusantara Studies (JONUS), 6(2), 273-295. https://doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol6iss2pp273-295