• Indah Melati Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.
  • Farah Aida Ahmad Nadzri Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Malaysia.
  • Roshayani Arshad Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Malaysia.
  • Ramesh Nair Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Malaysia.
  • Ancella Anitawati Hermawan Department of Accounting, Faculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia.


Background and Purpose: This study aims to investigate the effect of family ownership, board characteristics (board foreign experience and board accounting expertise), and top management characteristics (management education level) on the quality of website Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) disclosure via corporate website among the top companies listed in the Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX). This study adds to the body of literature by examining the moderating effect of family ownership towards the relationship between board characteristics and website CSR disclosure, which is useful for investors who might have concerns on the level of CSR disclosure as a gauge of firm ethics, particularly in respect to family-owned firms.


Methodology: Sample of this study consisted of 100 non-financial companies listed in Indonesia Stock Exchange (IDX) for the year of 2019. To test the study’s hypothesis, multiple linear regression analysis was applied.


Findings: Empirical results from this study have shown that family ownership is negatively related to the quality of website CSR disclosure. Board foreign experience has a positive effect on CSR disclosure practices in their respective corporate websites. Meanwhile, top management education level was found to have a negative and statistically significant relationship with the quality of voluntary website CSR disclosure. Lastly, this study demonstrated that family ownership moderates the relationship between board accounting expertise and the quality of CSR disclosure on corporate websites.


Contributions: This study contributes to the literature on CSR disclosure by introducing a set of index measuring the quality of voluntary website CSR disclosure, which captures not only the variety, but also the richness of CSR information. The moderating role of family ownership on such relationships, which is rarely investigated in the context of developing countries, was also explored by this study.


Keywords: CSR disclosure, voluntary disclosure, family ownership, board characteristics, top management.


Cite as: Melati, I., Arshad, R., Ahmad Nadzri, F. A., Nair, R., & Hermawan, A. A. (2023). Influence of family ownership, board and top management characteristics on the quality of website corporate social responsibility disclosure in Indonesia. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 8(TI), 351-381.


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