• Siti Aqilah Talib Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Takiah Mohd Iskandar Faculty of Economics & Management, University Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Ruhaini Muda Accounting Research Institute, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.


Background and Purpose: This study aimed to understand banking practices to legitimise their role in society and meet stakeholder needs in terms of their products and services. This study narrowed its scope to use the underpinning thrust of value-based intermediation (VBI) as it is a primary pillar of the VBI framework. Towards these same ends, the study also sought to gauge how banks integrated their products and services with the framework.


Methodology: This study employed the triangulation approach, which comprised of a content analysis of annual reports of the bank and trend analysis of court cases. This study used Bank Islam Malaysia Berhad (BIMB) as an explorative study.


Findings: The findings indicated a decrease of total occurrences over the years on litigation cases involving BIMB, related to know-your-customers compliance. Meanwhile, the analysis of annual reports of the bank indicated that shariah non-compliance incidents are due to operational failures and lack of shariah knowledge among the staff. This study highlighted the need for the banks to strengthen the know-your-customer compliance, besides enhancing and promoting Islamic financial literacy and ethics to their stakeholders.


Contributions: This study contributes a novelty in this area of study by using data triangulation on court cases and annual reports to provide a more comprehensive perspective on the issue. This study also added to the current literature on VBI, especially within Malaysian context.


Keywords: Corporate responsibility, due diligence, know-your-customer, Islamic ethics, financial literacy.


Cite as: Talib, S. A., Mohd Iskandar, T., & Muda, R. (2023). Assessment of value-based principles on Islamic banking practices in Malaysia: An explorative study using bank’s disclosure.  Journal of Nusantara Studies, 8(TI), 429-452.


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