• Nurhidayah Yahya Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Muhammad Nazmul Hoque Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Norbalkish Zakaria Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Farah Aida Ahmad Nadzri Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.
  • Sharifah Norzehan Syed Yusuf Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia.



Technological advancements, environmental challenges, and societal shifts drive transformative changes in governance and sustainability. Ethical leadership and Shariah principles are critical lenses for examining and navigating these changes. Governance and technology are new issues requiring an ethical framework to guide decision-making and policy formulation. Ethical leadership promotes transparency, accountability, and inclusivity in these complex landscapes. Ethical leadership emphasises the value of long-term environmental stewardship, equitable resource allocation, and social justice in this context.

The manuscript expertly navigates the perilous terrain of governance, describing the ethical complexities introduced by digital democracy and decentralised technologies and arguing for the critical role of ethical leadership as a guiding compass through these variations. Ethical leadership emerges as an orienting paradigm with normative ideals of transparency, inclusivity, and accountability across the domains studied.

Shariah principles are effectively integrated, adding a moral and ethical dimension that elevates the discussion. These principles promote fairness, transparency, and social responsibility, consistent with the overarching themes of effective governance and sustainable development. In doing so, the manuscript positions Shariah as a complementary lens and a critical, integral framework that enriches governance and sustainability ethics and practises.

The erudition with which this overview weaves these multifaceted strands into a cohesive intellectual tapestry distinguishes it. It takes a multi-dimensional analytical approach to articulate the synergies and interdependencies between governance, sustainability, ethical leadership, and Shariah, advocating for a more holistic, integrated approach to addressing our times' complex challenges.

The manuscript lays intellectually fertile ground for future research for field scholars. The articulation of complex, intersecting themes suggests numerous avenues for academic inquiry, particularly in conceptualising governance models that are effective, ethical, and Shariah-compliant. As such, this seminal overview is a valuable intellectual resource for many stakeholders, including academics, policymakers, and practitioners dedicated to fostering ethical, equitable, and sustainable futures.



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