• Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh School of Languages, Literacies and Translation, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia.
  • Jonathan Phan Kar Jun Centre for English Language Communication, National University of Singapore, 119077 Singapore.


Background and Purpose: This study examined the comprehensiveness and sufficiency of academic integrity (AI) policies of selected Malaysian higher education institutions.  The investigation of eight public and private universities’ AI policies were guided by the five core elements of exemplar AI policy framework developed by Bretag, Mahmud, Wallace, Walker, James, Green, East, McGowan and Partridge (2011).


Methodology: This qualitative method research focused on document analysis of purposively selected eight AI policies. The five core elements that guided the document analysis are access, approach, responsibility, detail and support.  The data collected from document analysis was analysed via NVivo 11 software.


Findings: Public universities are educative based and private universities practice punitive approach. All universities provide access of the AI documents to the university community and public, implement ad hoc basis education, awareness campaigns and modules to support the AI agenda and encourage responsibility among the staff and students to curb academic dishonesty.  As for detail, universities differ in terms of amount and type of information provided in the documents.


Contributions: The findings will provide universities evidence to make their existing AI policies more robust and comprehensive.


Keywords: Academic integrity policy, core elements of exemplar, document analysis, Malaysian higher education institutions.


Cite as: Manjet, K., & Phan, J. K. J. (2024). Examining exemplar elements of selected Malaysian higher education institutions’ academic integrity policy: Document analysis based evidence. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 9(1), 269-293. http://dx.doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol9iss1pp269-293

Author Biographies

Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh, School of Languages, Literacies and Translation, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Penang, Malaysia.

Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh is an Associate Professor at the School of Languages, Literacies and Translation, Universiti Sains Malaysia. She is also the Managing Editor of International Journal of Language, Literacy and Translation.

Jonathan Phan Kar Jun, Centre for English Language Communication, National University of Singapore, 119077 Singapore.

Jonathan Phan is a Master of Arts graduate from Universiti Sains Malaysia. He is currently an Instructor for the Centre for English Language Communication, National University of Singapore. His research interests include English as a Second/Foreign Language (ESL/EFL) and English writing skills for Malaysian indigenous students (Orang Asli).


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How to Cite
Mehar Singh, M. K., & Phan Kar Jun, J. (2024). EXAMINING EXEMPLAR ELEMENTS OF SELECTED MALAYSIAN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS’ ACADEMIC INTEGRITY POLICY: DOCUMENT ANALYSIS BASED EVIDENCE . Journal of Nusantara Studies (JONUS), 9(1), 269-293. https://doi.org/10.24200/jonus.vol9iss1pp269-293