Abattoirs – A Hidden Centre for Livestock Genetic Resources Loss in Nigeria

Abattoirs and Fates of Nigeria’s Livestock Resources

  • ALIYU GARBA KHALEEL Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244 Kano State, Nigeria
  • Mudassir Nasir Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244 Kano State, NIGERIA.
  • Nasiru Salisu Department of Animal Health and Production, Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic Hadeja, P.M.B. 13 Jigawa State, NIGERIA
  • Auwalu Yusuf Abdullahi Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244 Kano State, NIGERIA.
  • Sulaiman Shehu Saidu Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244 Kano State, NIGERIA.
  • Ahmadu Saleh Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, P.M.B. 06 Zaria, Nigeria
  • Kamarudin Ahmad-Syazni School of Animal Science, Faculty of Bioresources and Food Industry, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Besut Campus, 22200 Besut, Terengganu, MALAYSIA

Abstract

Nigeria is naturally blessed with wide diversity of native animal genetic resources. Indigenous ruminant livestock such as cattle, camel, donkey, sheep and goat contributes largely in both protein supply, revenue generation and national economy. In Nigeria, these animal resources are mismanaged and undermined through the indiscriminate slaughter of pregnant animals and foetal losses in abattoirs. This unethical practice resulted in the loss of genetic diversity, preferred traits and superior females ruminant animals. The current research focus on reported incidences across abattoirs, which is a centre where such practice is highly occurs within the country.  Lack of modern facilities, law enforcement, poor management and animal welfare in abattoirs to protect pregnant animals are among few factors responsible for an increase in incidences. It is unprofitable to continue the tradition of pregnant animal slaughter that causes foetal losses. This is a condition that significantly threatens the animal genetic resources and general livestock industry in Nigeria. This practice must be discard with a proper conservation and documentation of these valuable animal genetic resources. Both long and short terms conservation programs must aim for substantial benefits of these resources. Laws must be enforced with strict penalties to those involved in pregnant animal slaughter. Genetic resources of these species and meat industry future could be safe with proper implementation of these laws and conservation measures.

Author Biographies

Mudassir Nasir, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244 Kano State, NIGERIA.

Academic staff in Animal Science Department

Nasiru Salisu, Department of Animal Health and Production, Binyaminu Usman Polytechnic Hadeja, P.M.B. 13 Jigawa State, NIGERIA

Academic staff

Auwalu Yusuf Abdullahi, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244 Kano State, NIGERIA.

Academic staff and Head of Department of Animal Science

Sulaiman Shehu Saidu, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Technology, Kano University of Science and Technology, Wudil, P.M.B. 3244 Kano State, NIGERIA.

Academic Staff

Kamarudin Ahmad-Syazni, School of Animal Science, Faculty of Bioresources and Food Industry, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Besut Campus, 22200 Besut, Terengganu, MALAYSIA

Academic Staff

Published
2020-10-31
How to Cite
KHALEEL, A. G., Nasir, M., Salisu, N., Abdullahi, A. Y., Saidu, S. S., Saleh, A., & Ahmad-Syazni, K. (2020). Abattoirs – A Hidden Centre for Livestock Genetic Resources Loss in Nigeria. Malaysian Journal of Applied Sciences, 5(2), 1-16. https://doi.org/10.37231/myjas.2020.5.2.251
Section
Review Article