Application of Remote Sensing on El Niño Extreme Effect in Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI)
The years 1997/1998 and 2015/2016 saw the worst El Niño occurrence in human history. The occurrence of El Niño causes extreme temperature events which are higher than usual, drought and prolonged drought. The incident caused a decline in the ability of plants in carrying out the process of photosynthesis. This causes the carbon dioxide content to be higher than normal. Studies on the effects of El Niño and its degree of strength are still under-studied especially by researchers in the tropics. This study uses remote sensing technology that can provide spatial information. The first step of remote sensing data needs to go through the pre-process before building the NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) and Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI) maps. Next this study will identify the relationship between Oceanic Nino Index (ONI) with Application Remote Sensing in The Study Of El Niño Extreme Effect 1997/1998 and 2015/2016 On Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) and Normalized Difference Water Index (NDWI)NDWI and NDWI landscape indices. Next will make a comparison, statistical and spatial information space between NDWI and NDVI for each year 1997/1998 and 2015/2016. This study is very important in providing spatial information to those responsible in preparing measures in reducing the impact of El Niño.