Tg Ainul Farha Tg Abdul Rahman, Abdul Rahman Chik, Muhammad Sabri Sahrir, Mohd Shukri Nordin


The objectives of this paper are three folds: firstly, to highlight the studies which have used documentary film as authentic input in teaching second language skills, secondly to review the studies which have used documentary film in enhancing the second language writing skill, and lastly to offer ways to deal with documentary film in improving Arabic as a Second Language (ASL) writing skill. For this purpose, the paper analyses related literature review and previous studies in the field. The literature review shows the concern of second language practitioners as well as scholars in the field in using documentary film in the learning process. However, studies related to ASL are very scarce. There are four steps to be adopted for the purpose of linking documentary film input with enhancing writing skills output. The paper also highlights the strengths of documentary film as authentic input in language teaching as well as putting forth some technical advice and suggestions to improve the selection of teaching materials.


Keywords: TASL, teaching material, Arabic for specific purposes, Arabic writing skill, authentic input

Cite as: Tg Abdul Rahman, T.A.F, Chik, A.R., Sahrir, M.S., & Nordin, M.S. (2017). A review of documentary film as authentic input in enhancing writing skills in ASL setting. Journal of Nusantara Studies, 2(1), 99-110.

Full Text:



Al Mamun, M.A. (2014). Effectiveness of audio-visual aids in language teaching in tertiary level effectiveness of audio-visual aids in language teaching in tertiary level. (Unpublished Master dissertation). BRAC University, Dhaka.

Al Musallam, E.I. (2009). College instructors’ and learners’ attitudes to authentic EFL reading materials in Saudi Arabia. (Unpublished Master dissertation). Riyadh: King Saud University.

Ali, M.M. (2004). Ahammiyyah al-talifiziyyun al-ta'limiyy fi tadris al-lughah al-arabiyyah linnatiqin bighairiha. Ulum Islamiyyah, 3(1), 154-207.

Alnufaie, M. & Grenfell, M. (2012). EFL students’ writing strategies in Saudi Arabian ESP writing classes: Perspectives on learning strategies in self-access language learning. Studies in Self-Access Learning Journal, 3(4), 407-422.

Anggraini, Y., Yasin, A., & Radjab, D. (2014). Improving students’s writing skill of narrative text through video at Grade XII IPA 2 of SMAN 2 Bukittinggi. Journal English Language Teaching, 2(2), 78-92.

Azlan, S.B. & Rosni, S. (2015). Persepsi pelajar universiti awam terhadap kesalahan bahasa Arab, faktor penyumbang dan implikasi. Sains Humanika, 1, 35-42.

Bahrani, T. (2013). Importance of language input in language learning. International Research

Journal of Applied and Basic Sciences, 6(10), 1376-1379.

Bahrani, T. & Sim, T.S. (2012). Audiovisual news, cartoons, and films as sources of authentic. TOJET: The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology, 11(4), 56-64.

Bataineih, A. (2009). An evaluation of the authentic socio cultural elements in the prescribed English Language textbooks of the secondary schools in Jordan. An-Najah University Journal for Research - Humanities, 23(1), 289-324.

Berardo, S.A. (2006). The use of authentic materials in the teaching of reading. The Reading Matrix, 6(2), 60-69.

Bernardo, A.S. (2011). Reading what’s beyond the textbooks: Documentary films as student projects in college reading courses. ELT WorldOnline.com, 3, 1-12.

Capanegra, A.I. (2014). The effects of authentic reading activities on the written production of Novice College Spanish students. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Tuscaloosa: The University of Alabama.

Caroline, C.A.O. (2007). Authentic documents in the teaching and learning of a foreign language. Journal of Language, Technology & Entrepreneurship in Africa, 1(1), 25-33.

Cheon, S.Y. (2007). Teaching the language and culture of Korean through film and TV drama in the American University setting. Honolulu: University of Hawaii at Mānoa.

Ellen, J.R. (2008). Using authentic multi-media material to Teach Italian culture: Student opinions and beliefs. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Austin: The University of Texas.

Enisa, F. (2014). The use of documentary film to improve students’ ability in writing report text at MAN 1 Situbondo in the 2013/2014 academic Year. (Unpublished Bachelor dissertation). Jember: University of Muhammadiyyah.

Erbaggio, P., Gopalakrishnan, S., & Liu, H. (2012). Enhancing student engagement through online authentic materials. The IALLT Journal, 42(2), 27-51.

Esra, N.F.H. & Tjut, E. (2013). Improving students’ writing achievement in the report text through film. Journal of English Language Teaching of FBS-Unimed, 2(4), 1-16.

Flower, L. & Hayes, J.R. (1981). A cognitive process theory of writing. College Composition and Communication, 32(4), 365-387.

Graham, S. & Perin, D. (2007). Writing next: Effective strategies to improve writing of adolescents in middle and high schools – A report to Carnegie Corporation of New York. Washington, DC: Alliance for Excellent Education.

Hasan, B. (2011). Teaching writing news item text through documentary video at the tenth grade of SMA N 1 Kaliwungu Kendal in the academic year of 2010-2011. (Unpublished Bachelor dissertation). Semarang: Walisongo state Institute for Islamic Studies.

Hasan, H. & Syukriah A. (2013). The use of documentary video to teach writing news item text to the tenth grade students in SMAN 4 Bangkalan. Journal RETAIN Universitas Negeri Surabaya, 1(3), 1-9.

Hayati, A. & Mohmedi, F. (2011). The effect of films with and without subtitles on listening comprehension of EFL learners. British Journal of Educational Technology, 42(1), 181-192.

Jacobson, E., Degener, S., & Purcell-Gates, V., (2003). Creating authentic materials and activities for the adult literacy classroom: A handbook for practitioners. USA: NCSALL.

Kasper, L.F. (2000). The imagery of rhetoric: Film and academic writing in the discipline-based ESL course. Teaching English in the Two-Year College, 28(1), 52-59.

Khalili S.M. (2012). The impact of authentic listening materials on elementary EFL learners’ listening skills. International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 1(4), 216-229.

Krashen, S.D. (1982). Principles and practice in second language acquisition. New York: Pergamon Press Inc.

Macwan, H.J. (2015). Using visual aids as authentic material in ESL classrooms. Research Journal of English Language and Literature (RJELAL), 3(1), 91-96.

Mahmoud, A.R.A., Muhammad Sabri, S., & Rahmah, A.H.O. (2013). Integration of an interactive program in learning arabic language for non-native speakers via Virtual Tutor. GEMA Online Journal of Language Studies, 13(3), 117-131.

Maroko, G.M. (2010). The authentic materials approach in the teaching of functional writing in the classroom. Japan: Rudolf Reinelt Research Laboratory EU Matsuyama.

Masood, A. (2013). Exploiting authentic materials for developing writing skills at secondary level: An experimental study. Journal for the Study of English Linguistics, 1(1), 21.

Minanur, R. (2014). The effectiveness of using documentary films to teach written report text. (Unpublished Bachelor dissertation). Semarang: Walisongo state Institute for Islamic Studies.

Morley, H.J. & Lawrence, M.S. (1971). The use of films in teaching English as a second language. Language Learning, 21(1), 117.

Morley, H.J. & Lawrence, M.S. (1972). The use of films in teaching English as a second language. Language Learning, 22(1), 99.

Nunun, I. (2010). Improving students’ writing skill of narrative texts by using short videos. (Unpublished bachelor dissertation). Teacher Training and Eduation Faculty, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta.

Oxford, R. (1999). Relationships between second language learning strategies and language proficiency in the context of learner autonomy and self-regulation. Revista Canaria de Estudios Ingleses, 38, 109-126.

Peacock, M. (1997). The effect of authentic materials on the motivation of EFL learners. ELT Journal, 51, 144-156.

Rabiatul Aribah, M.I., Nik Hanan, M., Tg Ainul Farha, T.A.R., & Nadhilah, A.P. (2014). Vocabulary learning strategies: Differences between Arabic and Non-Arabic majoring students at the International Islamic University Malaysia. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research (Language for Communication and Learning), 20, 28-32.

Retana, T.T. (2010). Improving students’ skill in writing report text with all about animals VCD. (Unpublished Master dissertation). Faculty Languages and Arts, Semarang State University.

Salah, S.M. (2008). The relationship between vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension of authentic Arabic texts. (Unpublished Master dissertation). Brigham Young University.

Shin, J. & Cho, E. (2015). Characteristics of convergence learning experience using an educational documentary film. Asia Pacific Education Review, 16(2), 213-223.

Shu-Chin, S. (2008). Attitude of students and instructors toward authentic materials in selected adult TESL programs. Retrieved from http://ir.lib.au.edu.tw/bitstream/987654321/2628/1/AUGD-conf.2008_su01_01.pdf

Shu-Qing, S. (2009). Opinions and comments of cram schools‘ teachers’ and students’ preferences on using six authentic materials activities in the Cram Schools in Taiwan. Retrieved from http://ir.lib.au.edu.tw/bitstream/987654321/2618/1/CH10-conf.2009_su02_01.pdf

Siti Maryam. (2015). Improving students’ writing report text by using English news video at the nineth grade students of MTs Mambaul Ulum Jenggawah in the 2014/2015 academic year. (Unpublished bachelor dissertation). Jember: University of Muhammadiyyah.

Snow, Z. (2012). The cinematic essay: Argumenative writing and documentary film. (Unpublished Master dissertation). South Carolina: Clemson University.

Soliman, S.E.M. (2013). Libyan teachers’ attitudes and believes regarding the use of EFL authentic materials within reading lessons at Universities levels in Libya. International Journal of Learning & Development, 3(5), 121-129.

Soong, D. (2012). Using documentary films in oral interpretation class what is the appropriate length? International Journal of Applied Linguistics & English Literature, 1(6), 131-141.

Terantino, J.M. (2011). Emerging technologies Youtube for foreign languages: You have to see this video. Language Learning and Technology, 15(1), 10-16.

Torri, S. (2011). Using audiovisual material to develop selective listening skills of children from different cultures learning Italian as a second language. Retrieved from http://conference.pixel-online.net/ICT4LL2011/common/download/Paper_pdf/IBL50-340-FP-Torri-ICT4LL2011.pdf

Wilson, R. (2002). A summary of Stephen Krashen’s “principles and practice in second language acquisition”. Retrieved from https://calabretta.files.wordpress.com/2011/12/reid-wilson-a-summary-of-stephen-krashens-principles-and-practice-in-second-language-acquisition.pdf

Woottipong, K. (2014). Effect of using video materials in the teaching of listening skills for university students. International Journal of Linguistics, 6(4), 200-212.

Zhafarghandi, A.M., Barekat, B., & Homaci, S. (2014). A survey of Iranian EFL teachers’ and learners’ perceptions toward authentic listening materials at university level. Advances in Language and Literary Studies, 5(4), 184-197.

Zhang, Q. (2013). The impact of film and film-based activities on the attitudes of English-speaking secondary-school students towards L2 Chinese. Journal of Creative Practices in Language Learning and Teaching (CPLT), 1(2), 1-17.


  • There are currently no refbacks.