Preventive Practice towards Covid-19 and Its Associated Factors among Malaysian Adults During Massive Outbreak in 2021

  • Nik Nor Ronaidi Nik Mahdi Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Aniza Abd Aziz Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Intan Suhana Munira Mat Azmi Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Safiya Amaran Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Myat Moe Thwe Aung Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Yuzana Mohd Yusop Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Mohd Ihsanuddin Abas Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • San San Oo Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin

Abstract

Combating COVID-19 pandemic will not be successful without everyone’s cooperation from all levels of society. Therefore, this study assessed the extent of the public’s knowledge, attitude, and preventive practice towards COVID-19. The current study also determined the associated factors for preventive practice towards COVID-19 among Malaysian adults.

 

An online cross-sectional study was conducted among 897 Malaysian adults. Data were collected using the snowball sampling method via the online platform: WhatsApp, Facebook, Twitter, Telegram, and email. Multiple linear regression analysis was performed to determine the association between all independent variables and the preventive practice of COVID-19.

 

The mean (SD) scores for knowledge, attitude, and preventive practice towards COVID-19 were 122.70 (6.05), 249.91 (17.29), and 64.48 (5.58), respectively. Preventive practice towards COVID-19 were associated with gender (p < 0.001), race (p = 0.002), history of being fined due to noncompliance to COVID-19 SOP (p = 0.002), knowledge on COVID-19 (p<0.001), and attitude towards COVID-19 (p = 0.017).

 

The overall knowledge, attitude, and preventive practice towards COVID-19 among Malaysian adults were satisfactory. Health education should focus more on the identified factors, and legislation enforcement should be enhanced to ensure COVID-19 SOP compliance.

 

Published
2024-02-28
How to Cite
Nik Mahdi, N. N. R., Abd Aziz, A., Mat Azmi, I. S. M., Amaran, S., Thwe Aung, M. M., Mohd Yusop , Y., Abas , M. I., & Oo , S. S. (2024). Preventive Practice towards Covid-19 and Its Associated Factors among Malaysian Adults During Massive Outbreak in 2021. Asian Journal of Medicine and Biomedicine, 8(1), 58-72. https://doi.org/10.37231/ajmb.2024.8.1.727