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Author Guidelines



Journal of Agrobiotechnology and Journal of Agrobiotechnology Online (hereby referred to as this Journal) publish peer-reviewed original research papers and reviews on basic and applied research, and latest developments in agrobiotechnology and food sciences. It aims at advancing the progress of agricultural sciences, biotechnology and food sciences through the sharing of knowledge and information dissemination via publication worldwide. Articles covering reviews, research papers, short communications either in basic, applied research or the applications of agricultural science, biotechnology and food science are accepted.


The comprehensive scope of this Journal embodies (but is not restricted to) the following matrix:


1. Agricultural science Agronomy, soil science, plant physiology, plant protection, horticulture, genetics, plant breeding, botany, plant taxonomy and systematics, ethnobotany, pesticide science, environmental science, weed science, aquaculture, fisheries and marine science, equine science, animal and veterinary science, animal breeding, animal physiology, bio-resource engineering, agricultural engineering, precision agriculture, agriculture economics, agriculture extension, post-harvest technology, agroforestry, forestry, wood science, plant genetic resources, and herbal science.


2. Biotechnology Plant tissue culture and its applications: plant transformation, micropropagation, secondary metabolite production, embryo rescue, germplasm conservation; mutagenesis and somaclonal variations; natural product and pharmaceuticals screening, profiling, bioassays and bioassay kit development; microbial molecular biology; microbial biotechnology; microbial diversity; animal cell culture; cell biology; signal transduction; and industrial enzymes.

3. Food science - Food technology, food processing, food microbiology, food safety and quality, food laws and regulations, ingredients and ingredient functionality, functional food, nutraceuticals, product formulation, food chemistry and toxicology, food engineering, food storage and distribution, consumer acceptance of foodstuffs, physical properties of food, and agrochemical residues in food.


Contributors are kindly requested to submit their papers in the English Language as described in the following format, so as to facilitate reviews by the referees and to expedite processing. Please note that the submission of a manuscript is taken to imply that, if accepted for publication in this Journal, it will not be published in the same form elsewhere; and that the copyright of all papers is assigned to Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA).



Authors are kindly requested to send their complete manuscript in a CD (with attached original photos, illustrations, tables or figures for editing purposes) together with three hardcopies (laser jet printed quality or equivalent) on A4-size paper with B5-size lay-out to any of the editorial board members. The following types of manuscript will be considered for publication by the editorial board:

a) Review/Standard articles (not more than 30 manuscript pages); invited reviews also will be published.

b) Short Communications (brief report of research updates containing at least 2 tables/figures, but not more than 10 manuscript pages);

c) Methodologies (short, current experimental protocols with detailed explanation, not more than 10 manuscript pages);

d) Letters to the Editor (in response to previous articles); and

e) Book Review (should be informative and focused on its contribution towards the advancement of agricultural science, biotechnology and food science).


Online Submission

Online submission is encouraged to the Journal of Agrobiotechnology Online, to ensure efficient and quicker processing. Accepted manuscript will be published after being galley proofed by the corresponding or main author, even before the Journal of Agrobiotechnology itself is printed. Please submit directly, if you wish that your manuscript is to be processed in this way (



Each article will be evaluated by the Chief Editor. After preliminary examination by the editorial board to establish that the manuscript is within the scope of this Journal, the manuscript will be reviewed for originality and significance by at least one independent referee, who then makes a recommendation as to its acceptability for publication. The Chief Editor reserves the right to make the final decision.



Manuscripts should be typed in MSWord Program only, single-spacing throughout (including abstract and references) on one side of A4-size paper with wide margins (2 cm) and Garamond standardized font (size 11). Every page of the manuscript, including references, tables, etc., should be numbered consecutively on the lower right-hand corner. Words that should be italicized must be typed as such. Any other word should not be italicized.

It is recommended that all manuscripts be divided into several sections as follows: ABSTRACT, (ABSTRAK the Malay Language translation of the Abstract should be carried out by corresponding or main author, only in the case of foreign submissions will this translation be carried out by thisJournal), INTRODUCTION, MATERIALS and METHODS, RESULTS/and DISCUSSION, ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS (if any), and REFERENCES. All section headings should be capitalized and flushed to the left. Sub-headings should be typed in lower-case, also flushed to the left. The text should be typed two spaces below the section heading. Results should either be presented in table or figure form, but not in both forms unless required. Captions should be written above the table or below the figure.


The manuscript, in general, should be organized in the following order:

Title: Concise and descriptive, typed in uppercase and lowercase letters, bold, and centered.

Name(s) of author(s): Bold, typed in uppercase and lowercase letters, italicized and centered.

Present address(es): Typed in uppercase and lowercase letters, and centered. E-mail addresses are not recommended for authors, but required for corresponding author.

Abstract (Abstrak): The abstract, in 200 to 300 words, should be informative, concise and clear when read in isolation. The word ABSTRACT and ABSTRAK should be italicized and bold.

Keywords (Kata kunci): Five or six words should be selected as keywords to reflect the overall ideas of the paper. The word Keywords and Kata kunci should be bold. They should be typed below ABSTRACT and ABSTRAK, respectively, and flushed to the left.


Submitted short communications of research updates should not exceed 10 typed manuscript pages (including tables and figures). However, some exceptions will be accepted for preliminary works or as recommended by the referee and/or Chief Editor.


Title Page

A separate title page should include: (1) Title of paper; (2) Names and initials of authors; (3) Institutional affiliations of authors; (4) Name, email and postal address of corresponding author; (5) Keywords in alphabetical order (maximum of six, suitable for indexing). The corresponding author is requested to supply the full postal address, telephone and fax numbers, e-mail address and personal website (if available).


References Cited

The list of references should be alphabetically arranged in accordance with the surname of the first author. Publication(s) by the same author(s) in the same year should be listed as 2000a, 2000b etc. Journal titles should be cited in full, and italicized. Volume and issue numbers should be bold.

References cited in the text should be given in parentheses, e.g. (Mohammad, 1992: Musa and Hassan, 1993; Ho et al., 1994), except when the author is mentioned, e.g.: and the study of Ross and Ross (1990) and Salisbury et al. (1995).

A unique system must be followed for listing the references in the reference index for journal, book, book chapter, report, proceeding, thesis and dissertation, patent, standard and related documents from the internet; for example:


Journal citation: Ali, A. M., Hamid, M. & Yusoff, K. (1996). Production of monoclonal antibodies against Newcastle disease virus. Asia Pacific Journal of Molecular and Biotechnology 4: 236-242.


Book: Nashriyah binti Mat, Ho Nai-Kin, Ismail bin Sahid, Ahyaudin bin Ali & Lum Keng-Yeang. (1998). Rice Agroecosystem of the Muda Irrigation Scheme, Malaysia. MINT-MADA, Malaysia. ISBN 967-9970-04-3. 256 pp.


Book chapter: Burhanuddin Ahmad, Zaleha Hashim, Abdul Khalik Wood, Nashriyah binti Mat & M. Kamil Abdul Rashid. (2002). Speciations of organochlorine pesticides in sediment of coastal water of the Muda rice granary area. p. 141-52. In Sustainable Rice Production in Malaysia Beyond 2000. B. M. Nashriyah, N. K. Ho, B. S. Ismail, A. B. Ali, K. Y. Lum and M. B. Mansor (eds.). MINT-MADA, Malaysia. 286 pp.


Proceedings: Zakaria, M. B., Jais, M. J., Wan-Yaacob Ahmad, Mohd Rafidi Othman & Zainal Abidin Harahap. (2002). Penurunan kekeruhan EIMS oleh koagulan konvensional dan kitosan. In: Prosiding Seminar Kimia Bersama UKMITB. 16-17 July 2002, Melaka, Malaysia. p. 487-492.


Presentations: Mat B. Zakaria & Md. Pauzi Abdullah. (1996). Potential of chitosan in the food industries. Presented at First National Technology Connection Seminar. 14-15 November 1996, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 7 pp.


Report: Nashriyah binti Mat & Norimah binti Yusof. (2005). Analysis of Prawn Tissue Samples Derived from Mini Study on the Impact of Coal Dust to Prawn Fry. MINT/L/2005/38(S) (Research Project Agreement MINT-TNBJ: Code No: UPP/2005/(03)). Malaysian Nuclear Agency, Bangi, Kajang, Selangor, Malaysia. 108 pp.


Thesis and Dissertation: Halimah, M. (2007). The Environmental Fate of Fluroxypyr and Chlorpyrifos in Oil Palm Agroecosystem. PhD Thesis, University Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM), Malaysia. 242 pp.


Patent: Andress, Jr. H. J. (1974). German Patent 2, 413, October.


Standard: Japanese Industrial Standard. (1975). Method of Ultrasonic Manual Testing and Classification of Test Results for Welds, JIS Z 3060.


Internet: JAIF, Inc. (2004). 6th FNCA Coordinators Meeting in Japan,, retrieved 1st June 2005.


All references cited in the text must be listed in the reference list. Likewise, all references listed in the reference list must be cited in the text. Editor reserves the right to delete the missing and incomplete references if deemed necessary, and the related text. Incomplete references include references without page numbers.


Personal communications and websites

References to personal communications should be kept to a very minimum and only be mentioned in the text in the following form: (Muhammad, pers. comm.). References to websites is allowed only with the approval of the Chief Editor.


Units, symbols and abbreviations

Authors should use only the SI system of units, for example; g (gram), ml (microlitre), kg (kilogram), cm (centimeter), ha (hectare), h (hour), min (minute), s (second), oC (Celsius) or K (Kelvin). Non-standard abbreviations should be employed only where multiple use is necessary, and should be defined on their first appearance in the text and also abstract. Isotopes should be indicated as: 14C, 32P, 15N, or Carbon-14, Phosphorus-32, Nitrogen-15, not as C14 or P32 or N15.


Scientific name

The complete Latin name (Genus, species and authority) must be given in full for every organism when first mentioned in the text. Italicize the Latin names of genera and species in the text and abstract, in order to differentiate them from other words. Likewise, do not italicize the name of the authority.



Authors should observe the limitations as set by the Journal size and layout, and avoid large tables. Each table should be numbered consecutively (Table 1, Table 2, etc.), and typed double-spaced on a separate page. Each table should be provided with concise and self-explanatory title in lower case above the table, and must contain horizontal lines only (above and below column headings and at the end of the table). Avoid usage of abbreviations; necessary usage of abbreviations must be clearly explained in the text (including the ABSTRACT and ABSTRAK) when mentioned the first time. Large data sets should be presented in two or more tables for clarity.


Figures and photos

Figures and photographs are to be labeled as figures (Fig.). If necessary, figures should be drawn on a separate sheet of paper and each figure identified lightly in pencil on the reverse. Cut and paste figures should be totally avoided unless they are original, meaning that they can be easily edited by using Microsoft Word. Captions to all figures should be typed double-spaced in lower-case below the figure. Illustrations should be numbered, according to their sequence in the text. References should be made in the text to each illustration. No border (box) is allowed for figures.

Photographs (of high quality black and white, glossy print type with good contrast) should be submitted in duplicate, complete with magnification (if any). Colored slides will not be considered for printing unless as black and white, so reconsider submitting them. On rare occasion, request for color publication will be entertained subject to prior payment from author.The color figures can be published for the online version of JAB but the printed version will be in black and white only except when the author pays the required cost.



This Journal accepts only good contrast and original line drawings. Poor quality illustration will not be included nor returned. It must be labeled as figure (and should follow all explanations in the abovementioned Figures and photos), and in the body text it must be centered.



This should be included whenever it is deemed appropriate, as a separate section before the Reference index section.


Galley Proofs:

The author should correct Proofs when received, and return them to the Chief Editor within 3 working days. No changes other than editorial corrections and typo errors should be made, subject to two-way communication with the Chief Editor.

The Chief Editor reserves the right to reconsider the acceptance of the manuscript, if there is considerable delay in receiving the corrected manuscript from the author, subject to further communication. However, the manuscript that was ready for galleyproof is automatically considered as it belongs to this Journal (copyright UniSZA) and will be published, regardless of any miscommunication, if deemed necessary by the Chief Editor.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a Garamond 11-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

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