Sox 6, Sox 13 and Sox 9 expression pattern in meningioma in East Coast Malaysia.

  • Nurul Balqis Md Dzali Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin
  • Wan Rohani Wan Taib UniSZA
  • Mohd Khairi Zahri UniSZA
  • Mohd Nizam Zahary UniSZA
  • Nor Hidayah Abu Bakar UniSZA
  • Ahmad Zubaidi Abd Latif UniSZA
  • Abdul Manaf Ali UniSZA
  • Hasnan Jaafar USM
  • Farizan Ahmad USM


 Sox (Sry-related high- mobility group box) family plays significant functions in human development from embryonic development, organogenesis and the most recent findings, tissue regeneration. As cell key modulators, deregulation of these genes has been associated with several human diseases including cancer. Sox D and Sox E, two of the nine SOX subgroups and their molecular mechanisms in carcinogenesis are widely studied. Eventhough there are a considerable number of studies done on SOX gene in glioma, such studies in meningioma, which is the most frequent brain tumor type in East Coast Malaysia are still lacking. Thus, this study is opted to determine the expression levels of Sox 6 (SOX D), Sox 13 (SOX D) and Sox 9 (SOXE) in both low and high-grade meningioma in Malaysia population. Formalin-Fixed Paraffin-Embedded (FFPE) samples of low-grade meningioma, high-grade meningioma and a normal brain FFPE tissue were sectioned by using microtome. RNA extraction was then performed according to manufacturer’s instruction. cDNA conversion was then completed by using reverse transcription technique. Finally, Sox6, Sox13 and Sox9 expression pattern in meningioma were achieved by q-PCR assay and normalised to nonneoplastic brain tissues. Each target gene was normalized with beta Actin as internal control or housekeeping gene. The data was analysed statistically with One way ANOVA by using Graphpad Prism 6. The results displayed that Sox6, Sox13 and Sox9 gene were downregulated in all low-grade meningioma in comparison of normal tissue. In addition, there were upregulation observed in both Sox6 and Sox9 expression but downregulated in high-grade meningioma for Sox13. Sox6, Sox13 and Sox9 expression levels in selected brain tumours in Malaysia population provide new insights of SoxD and SoxE expression in this population. The well-known varsity functions of Sox genes and the canonical interaction of Sox genes with their co-factors may elucidate the fluctuations of Sox gene expression level across diseases and genetic backgrounds. Thus, functional studies are recommended to be carried out to observe the selected genes’ functions and mechanisms whether they should reflect their diverse roles in specific Malaysia population.

though at the molecular level, they have the same G6PD Chatham mutation.

Keywords: Sox6; Sox13; Sox9; brain tumours; qPCR; meningioma

How to Cite
Md Dzali, N. B., Wan Taib, W. R., Zahri, M. K., Zahary, M. N., Abu Bakar, N. H., Abd Latif, A. Z., Ali, A. M., Jaafar, H., & Ahmad, F. (2018). Sox 6, Sox 13 and Sox 9 expression pattern in meningioma in East Coast Malaysia. Asian Journal of Medicine and Biomedicine, 2. Retrieved from