ANALISIS KEBERKESANAN PENGGUNAAN ICT DALAM MENDEPANI GELOMBANG REVOLUSI INDUSTRI 4.0 DALAM KALANGAN PELAJAR DI NEGERI TERENGGANU, MALAYSIA

(Analysis of the Effectiveness of ICT in the Face the Wave of Industrial Revolution 4.0 among Students in Terengganu, Malaysia)

  • Noradilah binti Abdul Wahab Faculty of Islamic Contemporary Studies, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kampus Gong Badak, 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia
  • Najmi Muhammad Pusat Pengajian Inovasi Perniagaan dan Teknousahawan, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Perlis, Malaysia
  • Mohd. Sani Ismail Faculty of Islamic Contemporary Studies, University Sultan Zainal Abidin, Kampus Gong Badak, 21300 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia

Abstract

Abstract: The emergence of the industrial revolution 4.0 has led to the development of information, communication and technology (ICT) which predicts that 50 billion electronic devices interact with each other. Therefore, this study aims to look at the effectiveness of ICT use among students in the state of Terengganu in conjunction with the advent of the industrial revolution 4.0. This article is a quantitative study using the survey method. The questionnaire is used to collect the required data and information. A total of 102 regular daily SMK students in Terengganu was involved in this study. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21 using descriptive and inferential analysis methods. The findings of this study indicate that there is no significant difference in the level of understanding of IR 4.0 based on gender and school location factors. The study also found that there was no significant difference in the use of ICT as a medium of learning based on school location. However, there is a significant correlation between the understanding of IR 4.0 on the use of ICT in learning. Therefore, it can be concluded that students in Terengganu state ICT as a means of gaining and sharing knowledge as well as the medium of learning today. The results of this study are expected to provide important information to the Ministry of Education Malaysia (KPM) in enhancing the integration of Information Communication and Technology (ICT) in the teaching and learning process (PdPc) in schools.

Keywords: Industrial Revolution 4.0, Learning, Information Communication and Technology (ICT), Student

 

Abstrak: Kemunculan revolusi perindustrian 4.0 telah membawa perkembangan dalam Information Communication and Technology (ICT) yang meramalkan sebanyak 50 bilion peranti elektronik saling berinteraksi. Justeru, kajian ini bertujuan untuk melihat keberkesanan penggunaan ICT dalam kalangan pelajar di negeri Terengganu seiring dengan kemunculan Revolusi Industri 4.0 (IR 4.0). Artikel ini merupakan kajian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan kaedah tinjauan. Soal selidik digunakan bagi mengumpul data dan maklumat yang diperlukan. Seramai 102 orang pelajar SMK harian biasa di Terengganu terlibat dalam kajian ini. Data dianalisis menggunakan SPSS versi 21 dengan menggunakan kaedah analisis deskriptif dan analisis inferensi. Dapatan kajian ini menunjukkan bahawa tidak terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan terhadap tahap kefahaman IR 4.0 berdasarkan faktor jantina dan lokasi sekolah. Kajian juga mendapati tidak terdapat perbezaan yang signifikan terhadap penggunaan ICT sebagai medium pembelajaran berdasarkan lokasi sekolah. Walau bagaimanapun, terdapat perkaitan yang signifikan antara kefahaman tentang IR 4.0 terhadap penggunaan ICT dalam pembelajaran. Justeru, dapat disimpulkan bahawa pelajar di negeri Terengganu menjadikan ICT sebagai wadah menimba dan berkongsi ilmu pengetahuan serta menjadi medium pembelajaran masa kini. Hasil kajian ini diharapkan dapat memberi maklumat penting kepada Kementerian Pendidikan Malaysia (KPM) dalam usaha meningkatkan pengintegrasian Information Communication and Technology (ICT) dalam proses pembelajaran dan pemudahcaraan (PdPc) di sekolah-sekolah.

Kata kunci: Revolusi Industri 4.0, Pembelajaran, Teknologi Komunikasi dan Maklumat (ICT), Pelajar

References

A. Rahim, M. Raimi. (2016). Mendepani Gelombang Revolusi Industri Keempat. Abim Pusat. Retrieved May 13, 2018 from http://www.abim.org.my/profil/minda-qiyadah/item/1192-mendepanigelombang-revolusi-industri-keempat-antara-cabaran-prospek.htm

Ab Rahman, H., Zainal, N., & Ab Karim, N. A. (2015). Keberkesanan penggunaan ICT di dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran pendidikan Islam bagi sekolah kebangsaan Desa Pandan Kuala Lumpur. Prosiding Teknologi Maklumat & Sosial, 238-252.

Ahmad, I. (2018). Proses Pembelajaran Digital Dalam Era Revolusi Industri 4.0. Jakarta: Dirjen Pembelajaran dan Kemahasiswaan Kemristekdikti.

Amanullah, A. N. A. A., & Ali, N. A. M. (2014). The most favourable mobile messaging apps among IIUM students. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 3(12), 2497-2502.

Anjuman, J., & Hussain, W. R. B. W. (2013). ICT dan kelestarian penggunaanya dalam pengajaran dan pembelajaran geografi di sekolah. Seminar Pendidikan Sejarah Dan Geografi 2013 (UMS, 29 – 30 Ogos 2013).

Baruah, T. D. (2012). Effectiveness of Social Media as a tool of communication and its potential for technology enabled connections: A micro-level study. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 2(5), 1-10.

Bakar, A. Y. A. (2016). “Digital Classroom”: An Innovative Teaching and Learning Technique for Gifted Learners Using ICT. Creative Education, 7(1), 55-61.

Batchelder, C. W. (2010). Social Software: Participants’ Experience Using Social Networking for Learning. (Doctoral Dissertation, Capella University, 2010). Proquest. (Umi No. 3398679).

Chear, S. L. S. (2017). Pengajaran Dan Pembelajaran Melalui Aplikasi Whatsapp Dan Telegram Di Universiti Swasta. Jurnal Pendidik. Malaysia, 42(2), 87–97.

Ciolacu, H. Svasta, M., Berg, P.M., & Popp, W. (2018). Education 4.0 for Tall Thin Engineer In A Data Driven Society. In 2017 Ieee 23rd International Symposium For Design And Technology In Electronic Packaging, Siitme 2017, 432–437.

Collin, P, Rahilly, K,Richardson, I & Third, A. (2011). Literature Review: The Benefits of Social Networking Services. A Literature Review. Cooperative Research Centre for Young People, Technology and Wellbeing. Australian e-Journal for the advancement of Mental Health, 5(1), 34-40.

Deore, K.V. (2012). The Educational Advantages Of Using Internet. International Educational E-Journal, 1(2), 111-112.

Ding, D., Guan, C., & Yu, Y. (2017). Game-Based learning in tertiary education: A new learning experience for the Generation Z. International Journal of Information and Education Technology, 7(2), 148-157.

Dori, Y. J. & Belcher, J. (2005). How Does Technology-Enabled Active Learning Affect Undergraduate Students’ Understanding Of Electromagnetism Concepts?. The Journal Of The Learning Sciences, 14(2), 243–279.

Guangli, Z., Gang, Z., Ming, L., Shuqin, Y., Yali, L., & Xiongfei, Y. (2018, February). Prediction of the Fourth Industrial Revolution Based on Time Series. In Proceedings of the 2018 International Conference on Intelligent Information Technology, 65-69.

Hamid, N. A. (2018, February). Kajian Mengenai Kesediaan Pelajar Semester Empat Polimas Dalam Mengharungi Cabaran Revolusi Industri 4.0. In iCompEx18 Pembentangan Kertas Penyelidikan Akademik.

Hase, S & Kenyon, C. (2001). Moving from andragogy to heutagogy: implications for VET, Proceedings of Research to Reality: Putting VET Research to Work: Australian Vocational Education and Training Research Association (AVETRA), Adelaide, SA, 28-30 March, AVETRA, Crows Nest, NSW, 1-10.

Ilias, K., & Ladin, C. A. (2018). Pengetahuan dan kesediaan Revolusi Industri 4.0 dalam kalangan pelajar Institut Pendidikan Guru Kampus Ipoh. O-JIE: Online Journal of Islamic Education, 6(2), 18-26.

Ismail, N. A., Wahid, A. N. & Hasan, M. S. (2019). Meningkatkan Efikasi Kendiri Guru Di Malaysia Terhadap Kecenderungan Pembelajaran Generasi Z Dan Alpha. J. Manag. Oper. Res. (JoMOR), 1(13), 1–8.

Jenal, M. Z. (2017, March). Persepsi Pelajar Terhadap Penggunaan Sistem Rangkaian Media Sosial Telegram Sebagai Alat Pembelajaran Modul Matematik: Satu Tinjauan Kes Di Kolej Komuniti Kuala Langat. In e-Proceedings iCompEx17 Academic Paper.

Kagermann, H., Wahlster, W. & Helbig, J. (2013) Recommendations for implementing the strategic initiative industrie 4.0: Final report of the Industrie 4.0 Working Group, Final report of the Industrie 4.0 WG. https://doi.org/10.13140/RG.2.1.1205.8966

Lu, Y. (2017). Industry 4.0: A survey on technologies, applications and open research issues. Journal of Industrial Information Integration, 6, 1–10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jii.2017.04.005.

Lukac, D. (2016). The fourth ICT-based industrial revolution “industry 4.0” - HMI and the case of CAE/CAD innovation with EPLAN P8. 2015 23rd Telecommunications Forum, 835–838. https://doi.org/10.1109/TELFOR.2015.7377595.

Martin. (2017). Industry 4.0: Definition, Design Principles, Challenges, and the Future of Employment. Cleverism. Retrieved May 13, 2019, from https://www.cleverism.com/industry-4-0/

Min, K.S., Mat-Yamin, F., & Wan-Ishak, W.H. (2012). Design, Purpose Of Usage And The Impact Of Lms On Student Learning: A Preliminary Findings. Proceedings of the 6th Knowledge Management International Conference 2012, 673-676.

Muniandy, T. & Desen, T. (2015). Persepsi Terhadap Penggunaan Ict Dalam Pengajaran Pendidikan Jasmani Dan Pendidikan Kesihatan Dalam Kalangan Guru Pjpk Di Kedah. Prosiding Seminar Penyelidikan Pendidikan Kebangsaan (Sppk) 2015, 511- 522.

Nelson, G. et al. (2009). Climate Change: Impact on Agriculture and Costs of Adaptation. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington.

Nor, N., Aini, Z. & Razak, A. K. (2015). Impak Teknologi Maklumat Dan Komunikasi (TMK) Dalam Menjana Kemahiran Berfikir Aras Tinggi Dalam Pendidikan Islam. Prosiding International Seminar on Tarbiyah (Isot 2015), 1-14.

Oesterreich, T. D., & Teuteberg, F. (2016). Understanding the implications of digitisation and automation in the context of Industry 4.0: A triangulation approach and elements of a research agenda for the construction industry. Computers in Industry, 83,121–139.

Payne, K., Wharrad, H., & Watts, K. (2012). Smartphone And Medical Related App Use Among Medical Students And Junior Doctors In The United Kingdom (Uk): A Regional Survey. Bmc Med Inform Decis Mak, 12(1),121.

Puteh, S. N., & Salam, K. A. A. (2011). Tahap kesediaan penggunaan ICT dalam pengajaran dan kesannya terhadap hasil kerja dan tingkah laku murid prasekolah. Jurnal Pendidikan Malaysia, 36(1), 25-34.

Razak, K. A., Othman, T. N. T., & Hamzah, M. (2014). Information and Communication Technology among Excellent Islamic Education Teachers in Selangor Malaysia. International Education Studies, 7(13), 146-156.

Razak, R. A. (2013). Strategi Pembelajaran Aktif Secara Kolaboratif Atas Talian Dalam Analisis Novel Bahasa Melayu. Jurnal Kurikulum & Pengajaran Asia Pasifik, 1(3), 34-46.

Reischauer, G. (2018). Industry 4.0 as Policy-Driven Discourse to Institutionalize Innovation Systems in Manufacturing. Technol. Forecast. Soc. Change, 26–33.

Rifkin, J. (2014). The Zero Marginal Cost Society: The Internet Of Thing, The Collaborative Commons And The Eclipse Of Capitalism. New York: St. Martin’s Press.

Samsudin, M. S. & Che. N., M. A. (2016). Pembudayaan Penggunaan Teknologi Dalam Pengajaran Dan Pembelajaran Pendidikan Islam. Prosiding Wacana Pendidikan Islam Siri Ke 11(Wpi11), 191-201.

Schwab, K. (2016). The fourth industrial revolution. Geneva: World Economic Forum. ISBN 1944835008.

Shatto, B., & Erwin, K. (2016). Moving on from millennials: Preparing for generation Z. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing, 47(6), 253-254.

Sian, Y.C., Mat-Yamin, F., & Wan-Ishak, W.H. (2003). Internet Usage among Undergraduate Student in Malaysia. Proceedings of Rural ICT Development (Rictd) International Conference, 224-227

Wong, G. K. W., & Yang, M. (2017). Using ICT to facilitate instant and asynchronous feedback for students’ learning engagement and improvements. In Emerging practices in scholarship of learning and teaching in a digital era (pp. 289-309). Springer, Singapore.

Yusof, M. N. M., & Tahir, Z. (2018). Kepentingan penggunaan media sosial teknologi maklumat dalam pendidikan ipta (Importance of Information Technology-Driven Social Media in Public Institutes of Higher Education). e-Bangi, 14(3), 1-10.

Yusoff, M. M. R., Jamaludin, A. S. & Abda, H. D. Hameed, A. (2015). Tahap Kesediaan Pelajar Dalam Penggunaan Teknologi, Pedagogi, Dan Kandungan (Tpack) Dalam Pembelajaran Kurikulum Di Ipt. Proceeding Of The 3rd International Conference On Artificial Intelligence And Computer Science (Aics2015), 12 - 13 October 2015, Penang, Malaysia. (E-Isbn 978-967-0792-06-4).

Zain, M. R. & Che. N., M. A. (2016). Kesan Globalisasi Ke Atas Pendidikan Islam Kini. Prosiding Wacana Pendidikan Islam Siri Ke 11(Wpi11), 35-42.

Zaki, M. A. Zawani. (2014). Penggunaan Bahan Tiga Dimensi (3d) Untuk Meningkatkan Kemahiran Berfikir Aras Tinggi Dalam Subjek Kajian Tempatan Bagi Murid Tahun 5. Revolusi, K. D. E. e-prosiding 4 th National Pre-University Seminar 2019 (4 th NPreUS 2019), 1-4.

Zhou, K., Liu, T., & Zhou, L. (2015). Industry 4.0: Towards future industrial opportunities and challenges. 12th International Conference on Fuzzy Systems and Knowledge Discovery, FSKD 2015, 2147–2152.

Published
2020-04-30
How to Cite
Abdul Wahab, N. binti, Najmi Muhammad, & Ismail , M. S. (2020). ANALISIS KEBERKESANAN PENGGUNAAN ICT DALAM MENDEPANI GELOMBANG REVOLUSI INDUSTRI 4.0 DALAM KALANGAN PELAJAR DI NEGERI TERENGGANU, MALAYSIA . Asian People Journal (APJ), 3(1), 101-109. https://doi.org/10.37231/apj.2020.3.1.149