• Shahrul Aiman Soelar School of Quantitative Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Malaysia Clinical Research Centre, Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah, 05460 Alor Setar, Malaysia
  • Zainal ‘Akla Shamsudin School of Quantitative Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Malaysia
  • Kumaresan Palanisamy School of Quantitative Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Shukri Abdul Hamid School of Quantitative Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Malaysia
  • Nurakmal Ahmad Mustaffa School of Quantitative Sciences, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Malaysia
  • Noor Amalina Mat Yusof School of Tourism, Hospitality and Event Management, Universiti Utara Malaysia, 06010 Sintok, Malaysia


Abstract: This study aims to develop, translate and validate a newly developed Malaysian survey that assesses the propensity to volunteer through the employment of a 3-phase cross-sectional study. Phase 1 consisted of two components, content and face validity evaluation. A four-person expert panel was involved in the assessment of the content validity of the new survey. Meanwhile, the responses garnered from ten respondents representing the target population were used to evaluate face validity.  Next, Phase 2 consisted of forward and backward translations, with an expert committee established to review the translated version. Finally, Phase 3 consisted of the employment of Cronbach’s Alpha utilised for the reliability analysis to test the internal consistency of the items. Subsequently, the SAS software was employed for data analysis. The findings indicated that out of 20 items, eight items showed the content validity indeks (I-CVI) value to be less than 0.78, and the expert panel omitted them from the survey in Phase 1. Phase 2 also included Cohen's Kappa Coefficient for all the items between the English and Malay version, which indicated a value of more than 0.62 and possessed good agreement. Moreover, in Phase 3, the Cronbach’s Alpha for the English and Malay version indicated excellent internal consistency (for both the language versions, the values were similar;  0.93). Thus, from the findings, it is evident that the English (MySPV-E) and Malay (MySPV-M ) versions of the survey are reliable, valid, and proved to be appropriate tools to assess an individual’s propensity to volunteer in a Malaysian population.

Keywords: Malaysian; Propensity to Volunteer; Survey; Translation; Validation


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How to Cite
Soelar, S. A., Shamsudin, Z. ‘Akla, Palanisamy, K., Abdul Hamid, M. S., Ahmad Mustaffa, N., & Mat Yusof, N. A. (2022). THE DEVELOPMENT, TRANSLATION, AND VALIDATION OF MALAYSIAN SURVEY ON THE PROPENSITY TO VOLUNTEER. Asian People Journal (APJ), 5(2), 1-15.