• Khalilah Zakariya Department of Landscape Architecture, International Islamic University Malaysia, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Norhanis Diyana Nizarudin Department of Landscape Architecture, International Islamic University Malaysia, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Haza Hanurhaza Md Jani Department of Landscape Architecture, International Islamic University Malaysia, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • Putri Haryati Ibrahim Department of Landscape Architecture, International Islamic University Malaysia, 53100 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia


Abstract: The development of interactive websites plays an increasingly important role in landscape heritage and edutourism, revolutionising how visitors interact with and learn about historical and cultural sites. However, most websites on heritage sites only have basic features, whereas the maps only show the locations of the attractions. This study focuses on developing an interactive website that incorporates interactive maps and illustrated narratives to promote the landscape heritage of Taiping, Malaysia for edutourism. The study examines how these elements work together to improve visitors' knowledge and awareness of Taiping's heritage values. Through a mixed-methods approach involving content design process, website design and user experience surveys on 354 respondents, the study evaluates the effectiveness of the interactive website on visitors' learning experiences and appreciation of heritage. Findings highlight the increased awareness of the heritage values of Taiping from the combined approach in fostering deeper connections, self-guided learning, and immersive exploration. The study's contribution lies in its insights into the potential of an integrated interactive website to reshape edutourism, creating dynamic digital platforms that enhance the synergy between modern technology, cultural heritage, and experiential learning.

Keywords: Interactive Maps; Heritage; Landscape; Tourism; Website Design


Albert, K. (2020). Introducing historical landscape in the cultural heritage conservation through the example of the Tokaj wine region in Hungary. Auc Geographica, 55(1), 112-122. https://doi.org/10.14712/23361980.2020.8

Airikka, M., & Masoodian, M. (2019). A Survey of the Visual Design of Cartographic and other Elements of Illustrated Tourist Maps. Paper presented at the 23rd International Conference in Information Visualization - Part II, IV-2 2019. Retrieved from https://aaltodoc.aalto.fi/handle/123456789/41026

Azmi, N. F., Ali, A. S., Zaini, S. M., Harumain, Y. A. S., & Abdullah, M. (2017). Character-defining elements of shophouses buildings in Taiping, Perak. Journal of Design and Built Environment, Special Issue, 139-149. https://doi.org/10.22452/jdbe.sp2017no1.12

Ballantyne, R., Packer, J., & Falk, J. H. (2011). Visitors’ learning for environmental sustainability: Testing short- and long-term impacts of wildlife tourism experiences using structural equation modelling. Tourism Management, 32(6), 1243-1252. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2010.11.003

Buckley, R. (2012). Sustainable tourism: Research and reality. Annals of Tourism Research, 39(2), 528-546. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.annals.2012.02.003

Gretzel, U., Sigala, M., Xiang, Z., & Koo, C. (2015). Smart tourism: Foundations and developments. Electronic Markets, 25(3), 179-188. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12525-015-0196-8

Hall, C. D. & Lew, A. A. (1999). Sustainable tourism: A geographical perspective. Choice Reviews Online, 36(05), 36-2893-36-2893. https://doi.org/10.5860/choice.36-2893

Hoeven, A. V. D. (2018). Valuing urban heritage through participatory heritage websites: Citizen perceptions of historic urban landscapes. Space and Culture, 23(2), 129-148. https://doi.org/10.1177/1206331218797038

Insani, N., Narmaditya, B., Habibi, M., Majid, Z., & A’rachman, F. (2022). Mobile GIS application for supporting edutourism at UNESCO Global Geopark Batur Bali, Indonesia. IOP Conference Series Earth and Environmental Science, 1039(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/1039/1/012043

Jin, X. & Wang, J. (2015). Research on the construction of the heritage corridor dynamic tour system: The grand canal (Hangzhou section) as an example. WIT Transactions on the Built Environment, 168, 817-829. https://doi.org/10.2495/sd150722

Lai, L. Y., Said, I., & Kubota, A. (2013). The roles of cultural spaces in Malaysia’s historic towns: The case of Kuala Dungun and Taiping. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 85, 602–625. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.389

Mahajan, K. B., Patil, A. J., Attarde, R., Gupta, R. H., & Pawar, B. V. (2016). A design and development of prototype web based tourism information system (WBTIS) for the Maharashtra and Goa States of India. Paper presented at the 2016 International Conference on Computer Engineering and Information Systems. https://doi.org/10.2991/ceis-16.2016.103

Mehmood, S., Liang, C., & Gu, D. (2018). Heritage image and attitudes toward a heritage site: Do they really mediate the relationship between user-generated content and travel intentions toward a heritage site?. Sustainability, 10(12), 4403. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124403

Misni, A. & Basir, A. K. (2022). Sustainable spatial settings of Kuala Kubu Bharu. Planning Malaysia, 20(4), 240-254. https://doi.org/10.21837/pm.v20i23.1164

Mohamed, A. R., Gawad, Z. A. E., & Voda, M. (2021). Using web GIS for marketing historical destination Cairo, Egypt. Geographia Technica, 16(2), 193-204. https://doi.org/10.21163/gt_2021.162.16

Perera, K., & Chandra, D. (2010). How Museums in the Digital Age Become More Dynamic. Paper presented at the International Conference on Qualitative and Quantitative Methods in Libraries (QQML2010).

Rossetto, T. (2012). Embodying the map: Tourism practices in Berlin. Tourist Studies, 12(1), 28-51. https://doi.org/10.1177/1468797612444192

Steiner, F. (2012). The living landscape: An ecological approach to landscape planning. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Sumarmi, S., Putra, A. K., & Tanjung, A. (2023). Developing digital natural laboratory based on edutourism for environmental geography. TEM Journal, 12(1), 224–232. https://doi.org/10.18421/TEM121-29

Wan Ali @ Yaacob, W.N.A., Hassan, N., Hassan, K., & Mat Nayan, N. (2016). The morphology of heritage trees in colonial town: Taiping Lake Garden, Perak, Malaysia. Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences. 222(2016), 621-630. doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.05.219

Yang, C. & Han, F. (2020). A digital information system for cultural landscapes: The case of Slender West Lake scenic area in Yangzhou, China. Built Heritage, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s43238-020-00004-8

Yeoh, D. (2014, August 29). Historical town boasts of many firsts. New Straits Times. Retrieved from https://www.nst.com.my/news/2015/09/historical-town-boasts-many-firsts

Zakariya, K. & Nizarudin, N.D. (2021). COMPOSTUDIO model: An interactive method for immersive project-based learning experience in the built environment studios (poster). Copyright. Gombak: IIUM.

Zhang, D. & Li, H. (2020). Study on the identification and protection of the historical landscape of traditional settlements of the De’ang nationality based on the theory of rural landscape heritage. Paper presented at the 2nd International Conference on Architecture: Heritage, Traditions and Innovations (AHTI 2020). https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200923.040

How to Cite
Zakariya, K., Nizarudin, N. D., Md Jani, H. H., & Ibrahim, P. H. (2023). POTENTIALS OF INTERACTIVE WEBSITE IN IMPROVING VISITORS’ AWARENESS ON LANDSCAPE HERITAGE. Asian People Journal (APJ), 6(2), 136-154. https://doi.org/10.37231/apj.2023.6.2.561