[Muhammad Asad: The Islamic Intellectual of 20th Century] Muhammad Asad: Intelektual Islam Abad Ke-20m
Muhammad Asad, a young European Jew, converted to Islam as early as 26 years old. Since then, together with Muslims he developed spectacular Islamic thoughts. He also became the bridge between two great civilizations: Islam and the West. This study details his intellectuality as an influential European Muslim of the 20th century. This study uses content and historical analysis as research techniques in obtaining information on; the Islamic traces of Muhammad Asad, his experience of Western and Islamic interaction, as well as his exceptional thinking. This study finds that there were various contributions of Muhammad Asad in Islamic intellectual world such as shariah thought, politics, literature and tafsir. Muhammad Asad's service to Islam clearly shows that he deserves to be appointed as an Islamic intellectual figure of the 20th century.
Keywords: Muhammad Asad, Western civilization, Islamic civilization, exceptional thinking
Muhammad Asad seorang pemuda Eropah beragama Yahudi, memeluk Islam seawal usia 26 tahun. Sejak itu, beliau bersatu bersama umat Islam dalam membangunkan pemikiran Islam yang unggul. Beliau juga menjadi penghubung dua ketamadunan besar; Islam dan Barat. Kajian ini memperincikan keintelektualan beliau sebagai seorang Islam Eropah yang berpengaruh pada abad ke-20. Teknik analisis kandungan dan kajian pensejarahan dilaksanakan untuk memperolehi maklumat mengenai; jejak Islam Muhammad Asad, pengalaman interaksi Barat dan Islam, serta pemikiran kebitaraan Muhammad Asad. Hasil kajian mendapati terdapat pelbagai sumbangan Muhammad Asad dalam dunia intelektual Islam seperti pemikiran shariah, politik, kesusasteraan dan tafsir. Jasa Muhammad Asad terhadap Islam jelas menunjukkan bahawa beliau layak diangkat sebagai tokoh intelektual Islam abad ke-20M.
Kata kunci: Muhammad Asad, tamadun Barat, tamadun Islam, pemikiran kebitaraan
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