Keharusan Penggunaan Ganja Untuk Maslahah Perubatan Kesihatan: Satu Perbincangan Awal [The Necessity Of Using Cannabis For Medical Health Importance: A Preliminary Discussion]

  • Mohd Hapiz Mahaiyadin Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam
  • Norsyifa Harun Universiti Sains Malaysia
  • Roshamizam Suhaimi Universiti Teknologi MARA Cawangan Pulau Pinang
Keywords: Cannabis, Hemp, Cultivation, Health, Kanabis, Hemp, Ganja, Penanaman, Kesihatan

Abstract

Artikel ini menganalisis hukum penanaman kanabis atau ganja yang kerap diperbincangkan sejak kebelakangan ini khususnya dari segi manfaat terhadap keperluan perubatan kesihatan. Antara spesis kanabis yang dipercayai mengandungi manfaat kesihatan ialah hemp (Cannabis Sativa L.). Hemp dipercayai mampu bertindak sebagai terapi bagi pesakit gangguan saraf, autisme, kemurungan, parkinson dan kanser. Namun menurut undang-undang Malaysia, kanabis disenaraikan dalam Akta Dadah Berbahaya 1952 yang mengharamkan penanaman, pengeluaran, pengedaran, import, eskport, pemilikan dan penyalahgunaannya. Artikel ini juga bertujuan untuk meneliti asas-asas keharusan penanaman pokok tersebut daripada sudut pertimbangan maslahah dan mafsadah dalam konteks penjagaan maqasid syariah yang lebih luas. Sebagai sebuah kajian kualitatif, metod analisis kandungan akan digunakan bagi memperoleh pandangan fuqaha Islam mengenai hukum penanaman hasyish (ganja), khasykhasy (popi), tabg (tembakau) dan dan fatwa-fatwa semasa yang berkaitan daripada pelbagai institusi hukum yang berautoriti. Bagi menentukan hukumnya pada masa kini, aspek maslahah dan mafsadah perlu dipertimbangkan dengan mengambilkira ketetapan undang-undang negara. Seterusnya, kajian ini telah mendapati bahawa spesis hemp adalah suci dan tidak dianggap najis namun keharusan penanamannya tertakluk kepada beberapa garis panduan bagi mengelak timbulnya kesan kemudaratan kepada masyarakat.

 

This article analyses the ruling regarding the cultivation of cannabis or ganja which has often been discussed in recent times, particularly in terms of its benefits for medical health needs. Hemp is one of the varieties of cannabis thought to have health advantages (Cannabis Sativa L.).  Patients with cancer, Parkinson's disease, depression, anxiety disorders, and autism may benefit from using hemp as a therapy. However, as per the Dangerous Drugs Act 1952 in Malaysia, cannabis is prohibited from being cultivated, produced, distributed, imported, exported, possessed, or abused. This article also aims to examine the fundamentals of the necessity of planting cannabis from the point of view of maslahah and mafsadah in the context of taking care of the wider shariah maqasid. As a qualitative study, the content analysis method will be employed to obtain the views of Islamic jurists regarding the legality of cultivating hasyish (marijuana), khasykhasy (poppy), tabg (tobacco) as well as the pertinent current fatwas from multiple reputable legal institutions. Today, the maslahah and mafsadah aspects must be taken into consideration while determining the law, keeping in mind the provisions of national law. Next, this study has shown that although the hemp species is sacred and not regarded as impure, its cultivation needs to adhere to a number of rules in order to prevent negative effects on the community

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Published
2023-11-19
How to Cite
Mahaiyadin, M. H., Harun, N., & Suhaimi, R. (2023). Keharusan Penggunaan Ganja Untuk Maslahah Perubatan Kesihatan: Satu Perbincangan Awal [The Necessity Of Using Cannabis For Medical Health Importance: A Preliminary Discussion] . Jurnal Islam Dan Masyarakat Kontemporari, 24(1), 39-50. https://doi.org/10.37231/jimk.2023.24.1.771
Section
Articles