HEGEMONY AND LEADERSHIP IN AFRICA: AN APPRAISAL OF NIGERIA’S ROLE

Muritala Dauda

Abstract

Abstract

Nigeria is endowed with numerous natural and human resources in which the country has utilized such for the betterment of Africa. Nigeria’s leadership role towards achieving stability and development in Africa cannot be overemphasized. This has canvassed for Nigeria’s big brother commitment in Africa. The country is mostly referred to as the giant of Africa, this is not only attributed to its population size, but also in the area of human and material resources. The possession of natural resources, particularly the crude oil has assisted Nigeria’s economy in the global markets which invariably made the country one of the reckoning points when determining the production of oil at the international markets. This has equally empowered Nigeria to contribute more to the Africa’s stability and development. These prominent role and contribution of Nigeria to Africa qualifies it more to be a regional hegemon among other contenders in the continent. The study makes use of trait theory of leadership and hegemonic stability theory to appraise Nigeria’s role and contribution in Africa as an essential tool for the country to assume regional hegemon in the continent. This study therefore is a qualitative in nature that employs the use of secondary source of data to appraise Nigeria’s function and leading role in Africa as a tool to assume a regional hegemon in the continent.

Full Text:

PDF

References

References

Abati, R. (2016, May 13th). President Buhari, Cameron and Corruption. The Guardian Newspaper. Accessed on 30th September, 2018 - https://guardian.ng/opinion/president-buhari-cameron-and-corruption/

Abba, M. A., Osman, N. B., & Muda, M. B. (2017). Internal Security Challenges and the Dilemma of Troop’s Contribution to UN Peacekeeping Operations: The Nigeria’s Experience. International Journal of Management Research and Reviews, 7(4), 398.

Abubakar, A. A. (2009). ‚Peacekeeping in West Africa: the Nigerian experience‛, in G. J. Jonah and I. S. Zabadi (Eds.), Peace Support Operations in the New Global Environment: The Nigerian Perspective. Abuja: National Defence College

Adebajo, A. & Landsberg, C. (2003). Nigeria and South Africa as regional hegemons. In Baregu, M. and Landsberg, C. (eds.), From Cape to Congo: Southern Africa’s evolving security, Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.

Adebajo, A. & Mustapha, R. (eds.) (2008). Gulliver’s troubles: Nigeria’s foreign policy after the Cold War, Scottsville: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.

Adebajo, A. (2008). Hegemony on a Shoestring: Nigeria’s Post–Cold War Foreign Policy. In Adebajo, A. and Mustapha, A.R. (eds.), Gulliver’s Troubles: Nigeria’s Foreign Policy after the Cold War, (pp. 1–37). Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal Press.

Adebowale, S.A., Fagbamigbe, F.A. & Bamigboye E.A. (2014). Re-Analysis of Nigerian 2006 Census Age Distribution Using Growth Rate and Mortality Level. Southern African Journal of Demography. Vol. 15(1), pp. 81-99.

Adigbuo, E. R. (2013). ‚Diplomatic and military co-operations in Nigeria’s foreign policy‛, International Affairs and Global Strategy, 13(1), pp. 11–21.

African Economic Outlook: Nigeria (2015) - http://www.africaneconomicoutlook.org/fileadmin/uploads/aeo/2015/CN_data/CN_Long_EN/ Nigeria_GB_2015.pdf (accessed February 2016).

Ahearne, M., Mathieu, J., & Rapp, A. (2005). To empower or not to empower your sales force? An empirical examination of the influence of leadership empowerment behavior on customer satisfaction and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90(5), 945–955.

Alden C and Schoeman M (2015) South Africa’s symbolic hegemony in Africa. International Politics 52: 239–254.

Ariyo, A.C. (2014). Nigeria and the Independence of Namibia. In Akinterinwa B.A (ed). Organisation of African Unity/African Union at 50: Nigeria and the Quest for African Unity and Renaissance, Volume Two, (pp. 137-158). Nigerian Institute of International Affairs Press, Lagos, Nigeria

Awojobi, O. N., Ayakpat, J. O. Y. C. E., & Adisa, O. D. (2014). Rebased Nigerian Gross Domestic Product: the role of the informal sector in the development of the Nigerian economy. International Journal of Education and Research, 2(7), 301-316.

Birnbaum, R. (1992). How Academic leadership works: Understanding Success and Failure in the College Presidency. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass Publishers.

Bowers, D. G., & Seashore, S. E. (1966). Predicting organizational effectiveness with a four-factor theory of leadership. Administrative Science Quarterly, 11(2), 238–263.

Chesney, A. A., & Locke, E. A. (1991). Relationships among goal difficulty, business strategies, and performance on a complex management simulation task. Academy of Management Journal, 34(2), 400–424.

Dadge, D. (2017, October 12th). UNODC Congratulates Nigerian President Muhammadu Buhari on His Anti-Corruption Efforts. Accessed on 30th September, 2018 - https://www.unodc.org/unodc/en/press/releases/2017/October/unodc-congratulates-nigerian-president-muhammadu-buhari-on-his-anti-corruption-efforts.html

Dauda, M., & Ameen, L. (2017). Nigeria's Quest for a United Nations Security Council Permanent Seat: Prospects and Constraints. Asian Journal of Research in Social Sciences and Humanities, 7(2), 826-841.

Dauda, M., Ahmad M.Z.B., and Keling, M.F. (2017). Nigeria’s Role and Its Peacekeeping Challenges in Africa. An Assessment. European Journal of Social Sciences Studies. Vol. 2(3), 46-71.

Dauda, M., Ahmad, M. Z. B., & Keling, M. F. (2018). Appraisal of African Solutions to African Problems: An Empirical Analysis of the African Union’s Experience. Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary Studies, 6(3), 60-69.

Davis, J. (2003). Learning to Lead. Westport, CT: American Council on Education, Praeger Publishers.

Den Hartog, D. N. (2015). Ethical leadership. Annual Review of Organizational Psychology and Organizational Behavior, 2, 409–434.

Destradi, S. (2010). Regional powers and their strategies: empire, hegemony, and leadership. Review of international studies, 36(4), 903-930.

Dokubo, C., & Joseph, O. A. (2011). Nigeria’s role in conflict resolution: A new paradigm. Journal of Alternative Perspectives in the Social Sciences, 3(3), 551-580.

Eddy, P. L., & VanDerLinden, K. E. (2006). Emerging definitions of leadership in higher education: New visions of leadership or same old “hero” leader?. Community College Review, 34(1), 5-26.

Edo V. O. & Olanrewaju M.A. (2012). An Assessment of the Transformation of the Organization of African Unity (O.A.U) to the African Union (A.U), 1963 - 2007. Journal of the Historical Society of Nigeria. Vol. 21, pp. 41-69.

Ferkins, L., Shilbury, D., & O’Boyle, I. (2017). Leadership in governance: Exploring collective board leadership in sport governance systems. Sport Management Review.

Flemes D (2009). Regional power South Africa: Co-operative hegemony constrained by historical legacy. Journal of Contemporary African Studies 27(2): 135–157.

Gadzey AT (1994). The Political Economy of Power: Hegemony and Economic Liberalism. London: Macmillan Press Ltd.

Gambari, I.A. (1989). Theory and Reality in Foreign Policy Making: Nigeria After the Second Republic, New Jersey: Humanities Press International.

Gambari, I.A. (2017). Nigeria: Democray, Development and Foreign Policy. A Memorial Lecture in Honour of Late Professor AbdulRaufu Mustapha on 26th August, at Musa Yar’adua Centre, Abuja, Nigeria. (Unpublished).

Gilpin R (1987) The Political Economy of International Relations. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Habib, A. & Selinyane, N. (2006). Constraining the unconstrained: civil society and South Africa’s hegemonic obligations in Africa, In Carlsnaes, W and Nel, P (eds.), In full flight: South African foreign policy – after apartheid, (pp. 175-226). Midrand: Institute for Global Dialogue.

Hassan, S., Mahsud, R., Yukl, G., & Prussia, G. E. (2013). Ethical and empowering leadership and leader effectiveness. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 28(2), 133–146.

Hersey, P., Blanchard, K. H., & Natemeyer, W. E. (1979). Situational leadership, perception, and the impact of power. Group & Organization Studies, 4(4), 418–428.

Jumoke (2015, August 2nd). Buhari Has Zero-Tolerance for Corruption – Osinbajo. The Herald Newspaper. Accessed on 30th September, 2018 - https://www.herald.ng/buhari-has-zero-tolerance-for-corruption-osinbajo/

Kassin, S. (2003). Psychology. USA: Prentice-Hall, Inc.

Keohane R.O. (1984) After Hegemony: Cooperation and Discord in the World Political Economy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Kindleberger, C.P. (1973) The World in Depression 1929–1939. London: University of California Press.

Koutonin, M.R. (2016). Nigeria’s Role in Ending Apartheid in South Africa. Silicon Africa News Paper Online. Retrieved on 23rd February, 2017 -https://politics.naij.com/427645-nigerias-role-in-ending-apartheid-in-south -africa.html

Lam, C. K., Huang, X., & Chan, S. C. (2015). The threshold effect of participative leadership and the role of leader information sharing. Academy of Management Journal, 58(3), 836–855.

Leach, D. J., Wall, T. D., & Jackson, P. R. (2003). The effect of empowerment on job knowledge: An empirical test involving operators of complex technology. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 76(1), 27–52.

Lexa, F. J. (ed.) (2017). Leadership and its Challenges. Leadership Lessons for Health Care Providers (pp. 2-7). Elsevier: Academic Press.

Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1990). Work motivation and satisfaction: Light at the end of the tunnel. Psychological Science, 1(4), 240–246.

Long, L. M. (1952). Alfred Adler and Gordon W. Allport: A Comparison on Certain Topics in Personality Theory. Journal of Individual Psychology, 10(1), 43.

Magnowski, D. (2014, April 7th). Nigerian Economy Overtakes South Africa’s on Rebased GDP, Bloomberg Business, Accessed on 6th April, 2014 - http://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-04-06/nigerian-economy-overtakes-south-africa-s-onrebased-gdp

Manz, C. C., & Sims, H. P., Jr. (1980). Self-management as a substitute for leadership: A social learning theory perspective. Academy of Management Review, 5(3), 361–367.

McGrath, J. E. (1962). The influence of positive interpersonal relations on adjustment and effectiveness in rifle teams. The Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 65(6), 365–375.

Modelski G (1987) Long Cycles in World Politics. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Nolte, D. (2010). How to compare regional powers: analytical concepts and research topics. Review of International Studies, 36(4), 881-901.

Nye JS (1990) Bound to Lead: The Changing Nature of American Power. New York: Basic Books.

Ogunnubi, O. (2014). Hegemonic order and regional stability in sub-Saharan Africa: a comparative study of Nigeria and South Africa, PhD thesis, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa,

Ogunnubi, O. (2017). Effective Hegemonic Influence in Africa: An Analysis of Nigeria’s ‘Hegemonic’Position. Journal of Asian and African Studies, 52(7), 932-946.

Ogunnubi, O., & Akinola, A. (2017). South Africa and the Question of Hegemony in Africa. Journal of Developing Societies, 33(4), 428-447.

Ogunnubi, O., & Okeke-Uzodike, U. (2016). Can Nigeria be Africa's hegemon? African Security Review, 25(2), 110-128.

Okunnu, I. (2010). Nigeria’s leadership role in Africa and daunting challenges. Abuja: Nigerian Export-Import Bank

Oladimeji, T., & Ahmad, M. Z. (2015). Nigeria as a Regional Hegemony in the Periphery Since 1960: An Empirical Analysis. Journal of International Academic Research for Multidisciplinary. 3(10), 77-97.

Osaghae, E. (1998). Crippled giant: Nigeria since independence, Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

Palanski, M. E., & Yammarino, F. J. (2009). Integrity and leadership: A multi-level conceptual framework. The Leadership Quarterly, 20(3), 405–420.

Pearce, C. L., & Sims, H. P., Jr. (2002). Vertical versus shared leadership as predictors of the effectiveness of change management teams: An examination of aversive, directive, transactional, transformational, and empowering leader behaviors. Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice, 6(2), 172–197.

Post Nigeria (2017, October 5th). President Buhari Has Zero Tolerance For Corruption!!! Aso Rock Boils As NNPC GMD Set For Immediate Sack. Accessed on 30th September, 2018 - http://www.post-nigeria.com/breaking-president-buhari-has-zero-tolerance-for-corruption-aso-rock-boils-as-nnpc-gmd-set-for-immediate-sack/

Prys M (2010) The variability of regional powers. In: SGIR 7th Pan-European conference on international relations, Stockholm, Sweden, 9–11 September, German Institute of Global and Area Studies.

Reddy, T. (2018). Hegemony and resistance: Contesting identities in South Africa. Routledge.

Resick, C. J., Whitman, D. S., Weingarden, S. M., & Hiller, N. J. (2009). The bright-side and the dark-side of CEO personality: Examining core self-evaluations, narcissism, transformational leadership, and strategic influence. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94(6), 1365–1381.

Saliu, H. A., & Shola Omotola, J. (2008). Can Nigeria get a UN Security Council Seat? South African Journal of International Affairs, 15(1), 71-85.

Seteolu, B., & Okuneye, J. (2017). The Struggle for Hegemony in Africa: Nigeria and South Africa Relations in Perspectives, 1999-2014. African Journal of Political Science and International Relations, 11(3), 57-67.

Smith S.M. (2010). What is Leadership. Accelerating Team Productivity, Satir System Training, Chapel Hill, North Carolina.

Stogdill, R.M. (1950). Leadership, Membership and Organisation. Psychological Bulletin, 47(1), 1-14.

Tavares, R. (2011). The participation of SADC and ECOWAS in military operations: the weight of national interests in decision-making. African Studies Review, 54:2.

Tella, O. (2018). Space as a fulcrum of Nigeria's external relations and regional hegemony. Space Policy, 1-7.

Vroom, V. H., & Jago, A. G. (2007). The role of the situation in leadership. American Psychologist, 62(1), 17–24.

Vroom, V. H., & Yetton, P. W. (1973). Leadership and decision making. Pittsburgh, PA: University of Pittsburgh Press.

Wapmuk, S. (2014). Nigeria and the Establishment of the OAU and its Transformation to the AU. In Akinterinwa B.A. (ed.). Organisation of African Unity / African Union at 50: Nigeria and the Quest for African Unity and Renaissance, Volume Two (pp. 53-96). Nigerian Institute of International Affairs, Lagos.

Webb MC and Krasner SD (1989) Hegemonic stability theory: An empirical assessment. Review of International Studies 15: 183–198.

World Bank (2018). Population: Census Reports and other Statistical Publications from National Statistical Offices. Accessed on 1st March, 2018. - https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=NG

World Bank Open Data Indicator (2017). Gross Domestic Product in African Countries. Accessed on 1st March, 20018 - https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.CD?locations=ZG

World Bank Operational Policies (2013). The World Bank operational manual: countries ranked by per capital income, Washington, DC: The World Bank, 2013.

Worldometers, (2018). Population of Nigeria and Historical. Accessed on 3rd January, 2018. - http://www.worldometers.info/

Yammarino, F. J., & Bass, B. M. (1990). Transformational leadership and multiple levels of analysis. Human Relations, 43(10), 975–995.

Yammarino, F. J., Salas, E., Serban, A., Shirreffs, K., & Shuffler, M. L. (2012). Collectivistic leadership approaches: Putting the “we” in leadership science and practice. Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 5(4), 382–402.

Yu, M., Vaagaasar, A. L., Müller, R., Wang, L., & Zhu, F. (2018). Empowerment: The key to horizontal leadership in projects. International Journal of Project Management, 36(7), 992-1006.

Yukl, G. (2002). Leadership in organizations. Upper-Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education. Yun,

Zaccaro, S. J., Rittman, A. L., & Marks, M. A. (2001). Team leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 12(4), 451–483.

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.