Challenges of Human Resource Management in Palestine

  • Md. Faruk Abdullah Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin 21300, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
  • Shaban Jamal Ayyat Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin 21300, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
  • Bahyah Binti Abdul Halim Faculty of Business and Management, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin 21300, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
Keywords: Human Resource Management, Palestine, Challenges, Israeli occupation


The study investigated the challenges faced by the Palestinian Authority Institutions (PNA) in their practice of Human Resource Management. It adopted a qualitative approach based on a review of relevant literature to find out the major challenges handicapping the efforts to improve HRM in the West Bank in Palestine. The study reflected that with a specific focus on Palestine, the daily practice of HRM is a real challenge especially under the Israeli occupation and the different strategies Israel employs to destroy any improvement plans. The study showed that in the era of global technology, the Palestinian National Authority and its organisations in the West Bank are facing both internal and external challenges, namely the low organisational position of the management of human resources and its confinement to basic functions. In addition, the Procedural aspects, lack of planning and developmental aspects, and limitation of their practice in routine matters related to employment, calculation of salaries and dues, as well as follow-up and permits which constitute a significant challenge. Moreover, the external challenges include the Israeli occupation, which has a major role in these challenges as the occupation prevents public employees of different positions and deputies from reaching their workplaces by dividing the cities of Palestine, military checkpoints, and frequent arrests of ministers and legislators.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdul Baqi, Salah (2000): (Human Resources Management), University House, Alexandria. "Crossing and Movement Restrictions in the West Bank: Palestinian Absence," World Bank Technical Staff, 9 May 2007.

Ahmad, K. (2008), "Challenges and Practices in Human Resource Management of the Muslim World", The Journal of Human Resource and Adult Learning, vol. 4, No. 2.

Ahmad, M. (1995), Business Ethics in Islam, The International Institute of Islamic Thought, Islamabad

Ali, A. (2005), Islamic Perspectives on Management and Organization, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, Northampton, MA .

Alsabbah, M. Y., Ibrahim, H. I., & Shaqfa, K. (2017). HRM Practice in the Palestinian National Authority: A Literature Review.

Britannica. (2020). Palestine ; The Split Administration of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip. Retrieved from

Budhwar, P., Pereira, V., Mellahi, K., & Singh, S. K. (2019). The state of HRM in the Middle East: Challenges and future research agenda. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 36(4), 905-933.‏‏

Cania, L. (2014), "The Impact of Strategic Human Resource Management on Organizational Performance", Economia Seria Management, vol. 17, No. 2, p. 373-383 .

Daley, D. M. (2012). Strategic human resources management. Public personnel management, 120-125.‏

Dessler, G. (2008), Human Resource Management, Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, NJ

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Human Resources Training Programs: A Field Study at the National Establishment of Public Works Equipment (NEPAD). Saleh, Abdel Fattah (2005).

Eslami, N., and Nakhaie, H. (2011), "Effects of Human Resource Management Activities to Improve Innovation in Enterprises", 3rd International Conference on Information and Financial Engineering.

Faisal, Ahmed (2016): Challenges to Human Resources Management, Arab Forum for Human Resources Management,

Ferris, G. R., Hall, A. T., Royle, M. T., & Martocchio, J. J. (2004). Theoretical development in the field of human resources management: Issues and challenges for the future. Organisational Analysis (15517470), 12(3).‏

Hashim, J. (2009). Islamic revival in human resource management practices among selected Islamic organisations in Malaysia. International Journal of Islamic and Middle Eastern Finance and Management, 2, 251-267.

Ivancevich, J.M., Konopaske, R. 2013. Human Resource Management. 12th edition. The McGraw-Hill Companies

Independent Commission for Human Rights, (2008)

Jaber, Alaa, (2015), the reality of human resources management according to the European model of excellence in the Palestinian government sector and ways to develop it, Master Thesis, Al-Aqsa University Gaza.

Narkhede, P. A., & Joshi, S. P. (2007). Challenges of Human Resource Management in borderless world. Global Journal of Management Science, 2, 167-173.‏

Nasir, S. Z. (2017). Emerging challenges of HRM in 21st century: A theoretical analysis. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(3), 216-223.‏

Patrick M. Wright A , Scott A. Snell B & Lee Dyer. (2007) new models of Strategic HRM in a global context.

Raheem, S. 2016. Talent management in the Middle East. In P. Budhwar, & K. Mellahi (Eds.). Handbook of human resource management in the Middle East: 63–82.

United Nations. (2020). History of the question of Palestine. Accessed on

World Report 2019. (WORLD REPORT 2019)

How to Cite
Abdullah, M. F., Shaban Jamal Ayyat, & Bahyah Binti Abdul Halim. (2021). Challenges of Human Resource Management in Palestine . The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP), 2(4), 17-22.
Finance & Economics