Exploring The Dimensionality for Sustainable Food Waste Management Framework: A Pilot Study Approach

  • Nik Rozana Nik Masdek Department of Agribusiness and Bioresource Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Kelly Wong Kai Seng Socioeconomic, Market Intelligence, and Agribusiness Research Centre, Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute
  • Nolila Mohd Nawi Department of Agribusiness and Bioresource Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Juwaidah Sharifuddin Department of Agribusiness and Bioresource Economics, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia
  • Wong Wang Li School of Economics and Management, Xiamen University Malaysia
Keywords: Behavior, Factor Analysis, Household, Intention, Pilot Test


Sustainable food waste management practices at the source are directly dependent on household behavior. A valid and reliable instrument is needed to evaluate the sustainable food waste management (SFWM) research framework. Thus, the purpose of this paper is to propose a new SFWM framework on a pilot scale before starting the main research. A pilot study was conducted to evaluate the survey questionnaire’s usability and reliability. Respondents from 150 urban households in Klang Valley was surveyed using an online survey method. A detailed validation of the study constructs was done through the Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA), producing a usable final factor structure. The results confirmed the constructs have good reliability based on the Cronbach’s alpha values that ranges from 0.860 to 0.979. The results provide useful information on factors that could affect the behavioral intention of practicing SFWM in people’s daily life and may be adopted by future research on a larger scale. The article contributes to the body of research in this research context by describing the pilot test method and process. A proposed framework that integrates additional variables into a TPB-based theory was used for examining SFWM behavior outcome in a more comprehensive model. Other studies in the field were mostly conducted on food waste reduction behavior, but this study intends to close the gap of households’ intention to manage them sustainably. Besides providing a new framework for SFWM, the need for a pilot study is highlighted to achieve an improved research design, adding to the lack of literature on pilot studies in the sustainable food waste management context. 


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How to Cite
Nik Rozana Nik Masdek, Kelly Wong Kai Seng, Nolila Mohd Nawi, Juwaidah Sharifuddin, & Wong Wang Li. (2022). Exploring The Dimensionality for Sustainable Food Waste Management Framework: A Pilot Study Approach. The Journal of Management Theory and Practice (JMTP), 3(2), 55-64. https://doi.org/10.37231/jmtp.2022.3.2.241
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